Heirloom-Quality Jewelry (Part 1)

What makes a piece of jewelry worthy of being called “heirloom-quality” and what is meant by the term? Simply speaking, heirloom jewelry is recognized as jewelry that is passed down through generations, where as a “heirloom-quality” piece may or may not be passed down but exhibits several principle qualities that one should expect from jewelry meant to withstand many many years of wear. An heirloom-quality piece is best described as high-end jewelry exhibiting quality materials, precise craftsmanship and solid construction. The most precious heirloom jewelry also exhibits unique design, special treatment and sentimental value. This two-part article will help readers distinguish between precious pieces meant to be treasured for a lifetime and pieces that are less valuable.

Quality Materials

The most obvious characteristic of heirloom-quality jewelry is that it is constructed with quality materials. Such materials may include but are not limited to high-karat gold, fine and sterling silver, platinum, precious and semi-precious stones, and organic gems.

The precious metals gold, silver and platinum, are valued for their rarity and beauty. Although they are malleable, these metals are remarkably resistant to corrosion, which makes them highly desirable for jewelry making.

Pure gold is measured as 24-karat and is generally considered too soft to be worn as jewelry, therefore it is commonly alloyed with other metals such as copper, silver and titanium to strengthen it. The result is gold of varying karats and shades, and generally the higher the gold content the more precious the piece is considered to be. In the U.S., 14-karat gold is predominant. In Europe, 18 karat is most common, and in parts of Asia and the Middle East, 22- or 24-karat gold is the standard. On high-end jewelry, the karat content is usually stamped on the piece.

Silver is the most plentiful of all precious metals, and when given a high polish, its reflective properties are unrivaled. It has been perhaps the most sought-after precious metal throughout the ages, likely due to its durability in combination with its beauty. One of the secrets of silver is that it easily flatters all skin tones. Though it is more durable than pure gold, like gold, pure silver on its own is too soft to be worn as jewelry. Sterling silver is an alloy of 92.5 percent silver and 7.5 percent copper. This combination strengthens silver while retaining its precious metal properties.

Platinum’s popularity as high-end jewelry began more than 2,000 years ago in South American Indian cultures and like silver, it is prized for its highly reflective color. Another defining feature of platinum is its durability, which is unsurpassed by any of the other precious metals. Even the most delicate of styles fashioned with platinum permanently retain their shape; this allows jewelry artists extensive creative freedom when forming intricate pieces. Most platinum jewelry is manufactured with at least 85 percent pure platinum. Palladium, ruthenium and iridium, which are also members of the platinum family, are often alloyed with platinum to enhance its brilliance and durability.

Beside metal, heirloom-quality jewelry can feature a variety of skillfully set stones and organic materials. These materials can range from the very expensive and rare to the semi-precious and lusciously colored. What is most important is how well these materials are incorporated into the overall design and how securely they are set into the piece. Just because a 5-karat diamond is slapped into an 18-karat gold ring does not mean it qualifies as heirloom-quality.

Expensive gems such as diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires represent precious stones. Although diamonds enjoy instant recognition as being rare and precious, sapphires are theoretically four times as rare as diamonds. Sapphires are very durable, second only to diamonds in hardness and sometimes come in rarer colors than blue, called “fancies” or “party colors. Treasured by the ancient Inca and Aztecs, emeralds are the most valuable precious stone in the world – by weight. Colombian emeralds are among the world’s most beautiful, prized for their undiluted pristine green. Incredibly deep red luster is the signature of the gorgeous ruby with the finest and rarest being referred to as “pigeons blood” due to their unsurpassed intense red color.

Semi-precious stones are by definition more plentiful than their higher priced relatives and are primarily valued for their beauty. Examples of semiprecious stones include turquoise, amethyst, bloodstone, cubic zirconia, garnet, onyx and opal. Although coral and pearl aren’t technically stones, they are considered semi-precious as well.

Other materials considered semi-precious include amber, ivory, fossils and exotic woods. These materials are often referred to as “organic gems” and present a unique and unusual treatment for jewelry of distinction. Amber is fossilized pine tree sap, most of which comes from the Baltic states of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

Ivory can come from a variety of animals including prehistoric mammoths, but for …

Von Zipper Sunglasses – For Your Viewing Pleasure

Von Zipper is a classy brand of eyewear that gives every potential client a wide variety of choices to choose from. Von Zipper designs sunglasses for both men and women. Whatever he or she is looking for in sunglasses whether it is for protection form the sun or to achieve a mysterious persona Von Zipper can help you. They have a wide selection of sunglasses to choose from, with different designs and lens colors. You can select sunglasses starting from $65 to approximately $105.

Join Von Zipper’s Safari with one of their unique designs. Their latest collection of sunglasses include a variety of safari themed designs with stunning lens colors that make the perfect combo for stylish and unique sunglasses. Some of the Safari designs you will see are Urban Gorilla, Tortoise, Cheetah Tortoise Bronze and Streaky Tortoise. Von Zipper has merged these designs with the following lens colors orange/ tan gradient, rose pink gradient, grey, chrome, gloss gradient and bronze. If you are looking for these lens colors with bold frames have no worries, because Van Zipper has also made solid color sunglasses with these colored lenses including

white, coral, black, bronze, gold and silver.

Von Zipper thinks of you when producing their designs. They want you to be stylish but realize that your health is just as important than style. Therefore, Von Zipper has combined safety with style. All of their glasses are 100% UV protected. For your comfort they all include the following features: stainless steel or satin steel optical hinges, optical quality frames, impact resistant polycarbonate lenses and either base 6 or base 8 lens in a variety of shapes. Depending on which style you purchase, these sunglasses will also come with a variety of additions such as polarized lenses, wire injected temple core, Nylon grilamid temples and silicon nose pads.

If you are looking for men’s sunglasses try one of the following selections from Von Zipper: the Monte, Fulton, Fernstein, V Zed, Skitch, Papa G, Sham, Kickstand, Prowler, Gamma, Zorq, Clutch and the Absinthe. Women’s styles that are available include the Debutante, Dharma, Alotta, Saffron, Riviera, Banshee and the Lexicon.

Von Zipper is the perfect brand to achieve the final touches to your look. Not only will you be rocking the style department but you will also be doing it with protection and in comfort.



Source by Seth Angelini

Which Real Butterfly Jewelry Is Best for Me?

In recent years, it has become quite popular for various vendors to advertise and sell real butterfly jewelry. Although many vendors are careful to only sell jewelry made from butterflies born, raised, and passed away naturally on humane butterfly farms, some vendors are not so careful so if you are environmentally sensitive, be sure to ask the vendor where they get their butterflies from before purchasing.

Historically speaking, there have been three types of butterfly jewelry on the market: laminated wings, wings encased in cases covered with glass, and wings dipped in resin. All of these are typically used for earrings but they are occasionally found for use in necklaces as well. Only recently has a fourth version of real butterfly jewelry arrived in the marketplace. Before addressing the newbie, let’s consider the advantages and disadvantages of traditional real butterfly jewelry.

Laminated Wings

While laminated butterfly jewelry varies somewhat in quality, the biggest difference that you may want to consider is selection. All laminated products yellow with age so prolonged exposure to the sun will eventually render the jewelry unattractive – prolonged exposure to the sun will slowly fade the colors on the original butterfly wing as well. If you are wearing them in primarily indoor venues, they should last quite a while before yellowing and losing their beauty. Although they are fairly durable as you might expect, the lamination will eventually start to curl or peel apart slightly and will produce a frayed edge. Of course, with lamination comes glossy texture, so you also lose some of the natural beauty of the butterfly – but not much. Generally speaking though, these are minor critiques – the big differences between vendors is their selection of butterfly wings. Look for a vendor that carries dozens of species rather than only a few. Of all butterfly jewelry, this type is often the least expensive, so finding a vendor with a great selection and a good price is not too difficult.

Wings Encased in Glass Cases

Real butterfly jewelry encased in glass cases makes durability a non-issue when compared to laminated products. Although some few vendors carry cheap cases that may even unexpectedly pop open if you are not careful, most butterfly jewelry sold in this fashion comes in attractive (usually silver) cases that surround a portion of the butterfly wing. This preserves the natural beauty of the butterfly wing for a very long time. However, jewelry of this nature almost never allows you to see the entire butterfly wing and often produces a fairly heavy earring. Further, when real butterfly wings are used, prolonged exposure to the sun will slowly fade until the original colors are lost forever – this is a problem with laminated products as well. Despite the fact that UV protected acrylic sheets are available on the market, it appears that no vendor uses this technology to make this type of butterfly jewelry last longer or to make the earrings less heavy. In short, your taste in which cases are the most attractive is the biggest factor when looking for butterfly jewelry encased in glass cases – the selection of butterfly wings is less crucial with this genre of jewelry because the whole wing is almost never used so many people will not even notice that the jewelry is made from real butterfly wings. Of all butterfly jewelry, this type is often the most expensive.

Butterfly Wings in Resin or Lucite Cases

Real butterfly jewelry dipped in resin or Lucite varies drastically in quality. Some butterfly wings are so badly damaged in the process that you can barely tell that it is a butterfly wing encased in a plastic coating at all. Others preserve the beauty of the wing fabulously. Generally speaking, the better the product, the higher the price; there are some exceptions but you will have to shop around to find them. Although this product is more durable than the laminated products, it has the same problems with discoloration – both the resin/Lucite coating and the butterfly wing discolor over time – and it tends to make a heavy earring as well. Few vendors offer much selection with this product so you may not have the same ability to be picky about which species that you would like to wear.

The Newbie: Natural Looking Real Butterfly Wing Earrings

There is only one vendor in the world that offers these fabulous products. Like the laminated wings described above, this product features whole butterfly wings rather than a small portion of the wing, which allows for a better view of the butterfly’s natural beauty. There are at least two big differences between the treated butterfly earrings and the standard laminated earring: first, the butterfly wing (in its pristine natural state) is exposed for viewing, which uniquely preserves the natural …

Radley Bags and Handbags – How to Spot a Fake Radley Bag

Radley bags may not be as well known as other designer handbag manufacturers such as Gucci, Fendi, Coach, Louis Vuitton etc… but since the company was created in 1998 it has grown in popularity regularly every year since, and Radley bags are now the best selling UK designer handbag brand. They are also famous for their Scottie dog logo.

They are based in London in the UK but their bags are also available in the USA in stores such as Bloomingdales and Lord and Taylor. They also have websites in both the UK and the USA where they are rapidly becoming well-known by women who like quality and slightly unusual designer bags for a reasonable price.

Their motto is that they are devoted to “making beautiful things that women can fall in love with”. Their handbags are known for reflecting the exceptional creativity of the Radley designers, who strive to ensure “original design, exceptional hand-crafting, distinctive pattern work, extraordinary colour schemes and unusual textures”

Creativity is a very subjective concept of course so what do Radley mean by ‘creativity’? Well in their own words creativity means “lighting fires of inspiration and doing our job with passion and …. being stimulated by the world outside the window as well as the world inside our head.” In their opinion their handbags must be “works of art” and they see themselves primarily as artists, and vision as their greatest asset.

Radley bags are also well-known for being colorful. In their words color is “the essence of Radley” and they make use of color to “capture humor, or display an emotion. To give off attitude or make a statement. To add character and enrich. To bring fun into our lives and onto our products.”

Their bags are always designed to stress originality and surprise as they prefer “to fail in originality rather than succeed in imitation”.

They also aim to make their bags affordable and in this respect are very much like Coach in the USA. They refuse to cut corners but are not extravagant, striving for “Creativity without extravagance”. Their handbags are consequently high quality products that won’t break the bank that tend to be bright and colorful and incorporate distinctive details and shapes. They are manufactured from fine colored leathers plus a variety of other materials. Their craftsmen pay extreme attention to detail throughout the manufacturing process.

This year their spring collection is a choice of soft leather bags with creative hand-crafted detail that emphasize light Summer shades of yellow, pale pink and ivory, with “vibrant apple green highlights”.

The spring collection was a great success with the fashion press and has been featured in the main fashion magazines such as Cosmopolitan, Elle Accessories and Marie Claire.

How to Spot a Fake Radley Bag

The growing popularity of Radley bags has unfortunately led to the creation of fakes and replicas.

Radley take the problem of fake bags very seriously and have taken steps to combat the forges.

In the Autumn/Winter of 2008 they introduced a new authentication label in the form of an LCD printed label containing a form of Mirage technology. The Radley dog logo changes color from light to dark when you lift it up to the light.

Radley bags are the manufacturers of designer handbags to introduce this form of advanced security.

All Radley bags have an aluminum dog logo inside, on which is embossed the RADLEY name. Radley is also embossed on the leather square beneath.

The Scottie dog tag on a Radley bags is attached to the bag in such a way that you can remove it easily. With fake Radley bags it is often difficult or impossible to remove this tag.

Radley bags have a glossy, cardboard label on the outside, there is no dog on this label.

The word ‘Radley’ is only embossed on the dog suspended on the tag on the outside of the bag.

Radley bags are sold with a set of leather care products. They are also supplied in a dustbag with drawstring.

Prices for Radley bags in the USA range from $150 up to $400



Source by Adva Jones

A Quick Guide to Sunglass Wear-Why, When and Where

Sunglasses have been considered a fashion statement for decades, worn by celebrities and other famous folks in either a desperate attempt to conceal their identity or to play the movie star role, all while looking fabulous. Even though this usage still exists, more and more average people are realizing the importance of wearing them to protect their invaluable eyesight.

Even though the sun is over 93 million miles away, its harmful rays can be the sole cause of an assortment of health problems. Ultra violet radiation (also known as UV radiation or UV rays) is probably the largest solar-based contributor to such health problems. UV-A, UV-B and UV-C are the categories of UV radiation known to us at this time. With the exception of UV-C (which is believed to be absorbed by the ozone layer around the earth), these rays can have both short and long term effects to your eyes and your vision.

Now that you're a bit more aware of why, you need to know more about when. For instance, UV rays reflect off of snow, sand, pavement and water, causing a greater risk for damage than in a "greener" environment, like a park or field. The rays in a reflective situation will be coming at you from two angles instead of the one in a gener environment, as the rays will bounce off the reflective surface in addition to coming at you straight on. Wearing sunglasses that offer you UV protection will help to protect your eyes when in this type of circumstance.

High altitude is another situation for which sunglasses should be worn. UV rays are filtrated out through the earth's atmosphere, resulting in lesser amounts of the harmful rays converging with the earth's surface. Simply put, high altitudes will yield a greater amount of the rays because they have not had the chance to be filtrated yet.

Between the hours of 10 am and 4 pm is the time of day when the UV rays are their most powerful, so protective eyewear is crucial during this timeframe, whether or not the sun is bright and beaming in the sky or hidden behind large amounts of clouds (both white and fluffy and dark and gloomy). UV rays can easily leak through the cloud cover and rain to wreak its irreversible damage on your eyes.

Since you are now aware of the situations that necessitate proper eyewear protection, you need a brief list of what to look for when shopping for your ideal pair of sunglasses. Typically, lenses that are green, brown or gray work the best, combined with a feature that filters out of at least 99% of UV-A and UV-B radiation and 75% – 90% of visible light. Taking care of your baby blues, browns and greens now will ensure you a lifetime of beautiful visions.



Source by Michael Burkhart

Decorative Functional Accessories – The Dual Purpose

A home has a limited amount of space, and within that space you need certain items to live. Each room has its own set of unique necessities, without which the room would be less functional.

However on the other hand, a house is also a living environment, and beauty is important in life. You can’t just ignore the artistic aspects of your home in favor of Spartan utility. Luckily, there are a wealth of design choices, including various colors, models, sizes, patterns, and shapes, available for even the most functional and common every day home accessories.

Take for instance the trash can. This is probably one of the most base and common objects in your home, and yet it is absolutely necessary, and in fact multiple trash cans are probably necessary in various rooms throughout. However, rather than being an embarrassing eyesore, you can actually make your trash stand out, by purchasing can which feature unique designs, or exotic contrasting colors.

In the kitchen, many people will match stainless steal trash cans to stainless steal utensils and appliances to bring the ambiance of the space together. This is a trick which can be used in a variety of spaces throughout the home, and in most rooms simply having the various functional pieces all matched up will be enough to give the space an attractive look.

The bathroom is one of the best examples of using functional accessories as the decorative part of the space. That is because most bathrooms are way too small to add very many decorative pieces too. Instead, the wide variety of functional pieces can combine, contrast, and congregate with one another to make up the look and feel of the room.

This is not just limited to soap dispensers and toothbrush cups either. Even the linens, the towels, the wash clothes, the carpet itself, can all be mixed and matched in color to contribute to the overall attractiveness of the space.

Another place where you can add beauty to a functional piece is with clocks. Whether its wall clocks, mantel clocks, or little desk timepieces, the wide variety of shapes, sizes, colors, and prints, allows you to choose something that will do more than tell time, it will act as a centerpiece of the entire room.

Larger pieces are also part of this mix. Coffee tables, sofas, even beds with their bedding are all major aspects of the rooms in which they reside. By coordinating colors and patterns, you can achieve an integrated effect which will naturally enhance the look of the space.

The most important thing is to never overlook the art and beauty that can be found in even the most base and functional accessory. Just because it is useful, doesn’t mean that it can’t be gorgeous. Keep your eye open, and coordinate these items with the rest of your décor, to achieve a fully rounded decorative effect.



Source by Joey Pebble

Cross Necklaces – The History and How Wearing Religious Jewelry Can Express Your Christian Devotion

The history of cross necklaces used to display Christian devotion can be traced back at least to the 2nd century. Tertullian, a great Church Father, described the faithful Christian followers as cross devotees. And, it was noted that it was the center of the Christian’s life.

In the 3rd century St. Clement of Alexandria again describes the great devotion of Christians to the cross of Christ and defines it as the symbol of the Lord. St. Paulinus of Nola, at the end of the 4th century noted that it was recognized as both a sacred symbol of the passion of Christ and also a sign for protection and defense.

Archaeologists have found numerous items marked with a cross from many civilizations dating to the 5th and 6th centuries. These articles included: drawings and etchings on walls of burial chambers and catacombs in Rome, paintings in Egypt, coins, earthenware vessels, mosaics, devotional medals and saint medals, necklaces, rings, and liturgical vestments. They were even placed on documents from the 10th century believed to be used as signatures. They have been depicted on Christian Churches and monuments from the 4th century, and of course beautifully decorate our Catholic and Christian churches and Basilicas today.

Crosses were not only seen in artwork. As early as the 6th century beautiful necklaces were shown to be worn by Christians to demonstrate their devotion to Christ. Large pectoral crosses were worn by Catholic, Anglican, and Protestant clergy as a sign of reverence, devotion, and often to designate the level of the clergy in the church hierarchy. They were made of gold, silver, platinum, and often contained beautiful gemstones.

The use of a cross necklaces to display relics was identified as early as the 6th century. These reliquaries contained relics of the True Cross of Christ or relics of the saints. They were worn by clergy, royalty, and lay persons. One very interesting discovery demonstrates this use among Christians as a demonstration of their faith and devotion. St. Cuthbert was a monk and later a bishop of Lindisfurne, England. He was responsible for many miracles even prior to his death in 687. In 698 when they exhumed his body they found it uncorrupt. During the Danish invasion monks fled in fear of their safety and carried the body of the saint with them, wandering for years to Cumberland and other cities before it was finally taken to Durham, England. Another miracle occurred here. According to tradition it was believed that this miracle was St. Cuthbert indicating his desire to have his burial spot there. The incorrupt body of the saint has his final resting place in a cathedral in Durham. Interestingly, they also found in his tomb a very beautiful jeweled cross necklace.

Tombs of queens and kings were also discovered with fine religious jewelry of gold, silver, and gemstones. Another famous historical account identified both a reliquary and gemstone cross necklace in a tomb of a queen in the middle of the 6th century. Queen Theodelinda of Lombards received a very precious gift of a reliquary containing a relic of the True Cross of Christ from Pope St. Gregory the Great, an early Church Father and Doctor of the Church. Both of these wonderful expressions of Christian faith in jewelry are still preserved today in the treasury of Monza.

What a marvelous tradition we have as Christians in demonstrating our faith and devotion to Christ by proudly wearing cross necklaces whether it is a simple design of silver or gold or elaborate gemstone. We can follow in the footsteps of our early Christian brothers and sisters who were unafraid to display their Christianity daily by wearing this beautiful religious jewelry.



Source by Marianne Buzzelli

How to Get an Aries Man Back – Surprising Strategies to Reclaim His Heart

You want to get back an Aries man. Obviously things didn’t work out the way you hoped for with your boyfriend. Relationships have a way of careering off course when we least expect it. After the dust has settled, and the break up is behind you, you may come to an awakening. Realizing that he’s the guy for you is difficult enough. Figuring out how to get him back in love with you is where the real challenge begins. If your guy is an Aries you’re going to have to approach things from a specific angle. You need to regain his trust so he can open his heart up to you all over again.

There’s a big misconception among women that they feel the brunt of the emotional turmoil after a break up. That’s simply not the case. Men feel things just as passionately. They experience the same pain that we do and it naturally leaves them wary of trying the relationship again. In order to get an Aries man back you have to show him that he can trust you with his heart once again. To do that you must be strong and emotionally stable. You have to work towards getting him to see that you’re the only woman for him.

The first thing you should be doing to get him to feel closer to you is initiate a platonic friendship with him. This is important for two reasons. First and foremost it ensures that you’ll remain a positive influence in his life. You already know him very well and so becoming a friend to him will feel comfortable and natural to both of you. Aries men are very open to the idea of maintaining contact after a relationship ends, so he’ll likely welcome the idea with open arms.

The other reason you want to become a friend to your ex is you need to work on showing him the improvements you’ll be making to yourself. You’re going to work on being more confident and self sufficient. Aries men go wild for women like this. You’re also going to be mature enough to recognize that the past needs to stay in the past. Drudging up the break up time and time again will only alienate him more. He wants to move forward and away from that pain, just as much as you do.

As your new friendship develops show him that you’re definitely someone he can lean on. Be there for him but keep the romantic feelings at bay. Your focus needs to be on demonstrating to him that you’re a strong and reliable presence in his life. Once he senses this, his heart will be much more open to the idea of the two of you moving from friends to romantic partners again.



Source by Gillian Reynolds

Popular Designer Salwar Kameez Styles for Spring 2011

Salwar kameez still in trend

Fashion is never constant and for women it's changing every day or rather every hour from clothing to hairstyles. For Indian women despite the costumes vary as per the occasions but surely salwar kameez is ageless piece of elegant clothing. With cool and pleasant atmosphere around this summer suddenly has lots to offer. Designer salwar kameez are great authentic pieces of a professional innovative works for every festive season. This outfit is exclusive and is for every occasion from a cocktail to reception. It's preferred because of its easy to carry drape rather than other outfits. It's a must buy for every women. Spring collections are made from fabrics like crepe which is apt for climate transition phase from winter to summer too.

Reasons to own designer salwar kamiz:

Many designers have presented this spring collections in many fashion weeks like Lakme, Wills lifestyle and several new collections are expected to arrive. To own a designer salwar kameez is a desire of every woman. The specialty in them is the intricate sequencing and patch work done in every piece without any two costumes of a kind. As designer work is not cheap so the clients are specific on their purchase. This adds a unique element to their personality and wardrobe too, making the person a trend setter in surrounding. The best part of designer product is the unmatched comfort fitting, the research they put in creating a single piece due to the label value. The differences are very evident from the local pieces and a designer work from prints, stitching; quality of fabric, sequences, delicate hand and machine work stands always apart. In kameez the low neck line are very trendy and hot this spring season. Above all the final look of attire which is because of the pecicular design and finishing from the choice of threads in the color of sequences makes the costume timeless and can be worn several times. Designer salwar kameez for spring is forever multi utility costume. Salwar kameez are categorized as per different events like exotic salwar kameez, trendsetter salwar kamiz, Patiala, chudidar salwar kameez to simplify choice.

Let's have a look at the fabrics used by designers for salwar kamiz collections:

Chanderi jacquard, semi crepe, chanderi silk, cotton, pure crepe and rayon material! Many designers have their specific likes which are clearly visible in their collections. Like Manish Arora will always keep black color as base is filled with various bright colors. Another prominent designer is Neeta Lulla who spring collections are inspired by the life around her and her fashion forecast is fusion wearing making kurta's give every girl and women the very classic Indo western look. Ritu Kumar too is very fashionable and leading designer clothes clothes offer a range for fashioners from 18 years till 70 years.

The prices vary as per designer brand and fabrics used. Normally initial range is not very expensive and starts from 3000 / – above. I know it's hard to stop yourself after reading this. Gift yourself this Christmas a good designer salwar kameez and fall in love with the exclusive wear.



Source by Vikas Chaudhary

Gargoyles Sunglasses Remove the Glare and Bring in the Real Living World!

Remember the popular Ray Ban Sunglasses that everyone wished to own and what you had to care so lovingly for a long life time? Other brands have slowly emerged that can be competitive and effective as times have changed over the decades. Names like Ray Ban, Versace, Prada, Christian Dior, Gargoyles etc have made a mark in your comfort zone for not only a fashionable look but also scientific viewing of the living world! I do remember living in the dismal environment of the European countries including UK where the sun severely shines and not possessing a sunglass – as was common with most people. In spite of these those lovely summer afternoon did incite me to buy good sunglasses or eye wear and since I had an active outdoor life, their need was never superfluous!

Sun glasses are necessary wherever the sun glare is intense as they help protect your eyes. They must not be an obstacle to your sight and therefore you must choose the right quality and brand of glasses that also go along with your personality. Medicically one needs to be aware of the importance that retailers of good and reputed sunglasses pay to their wares. The most fashionable sunglasses mentioned in the previous paragraph depend on the preamble of seeing the "real life" whenever you wear them in the sun. Therefore the metaphor living in the real becomes a reality due to the careful manufacture of glasses. With a brand like Gargoyles there is no distortion or blurring and you experience that the vision is most clear and true to life. It is like looking through a very clear and distortion free glass pane.

How does one achieve this high degree and quality of optical assistance? The answer is now generic in nature with the usage of Toric lenses. This new breed of lenses are quite different from their conventional curved or flat counterparts since toric lenses are based on scientific geometry that ensures perfect passage of light to the retina of the eye. There is no diffraction, reflection, or distortion resulting in sharp and clear images. Popularity of this brand of sunglasses even reached the movie industry in many countries as would be obvious from their use by icons of the silver screen! The enhanced glasses not only cater to the entertainment world but also sporting arena and most importantly the armed forces that have made their use mandatory.
Gargoyles Sunglasses of high quality and performance are a combination of exclusive lenses and smart modern frames that add to the looks of the wearer. This perfect blend has made the modern sophisticated goggles very popular and everyone "who is someone" depend on the use of toric glasses to protect their sense of sight. The true vision concept is therefore well implemented in design and the products available are made to suit the person's personality and looks. This is also the motto of the fashion world who considers all aspects in designing a contemporary or modern look on the ramp.

Sunglasses are in vogue everywhere and not only limited to the sunny places on this globe. They have become the accessory of a fashion conscious person as you would notice when you see events or television shows and movies etc.



Source by Justin Hofer

A Tribute to Seafarers!

Somewhere around 1500 BC, the Lapita people (ancientors to the Polynesians) moved across the ocean carrying their plants of food and domestic animals. This marked the beginning of true seafaring skills in the Stone Age. The traditional craft used back then is what we now call a catamaran. These seafarers knew how to read wind and wave patterns, and navigated by the sun and stars. Once could say the Lapitas studied the flight pattern of birds as they headed towards landfall, the drift of vegetation, and even cloud formation; skills old salts still use today.

In the mid-14th century, European Sailors ventured out into the Atlantic. On August 2, 1492, sailing the Santa Maria, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue leaving the Canary Islands. Financed by the king and queen of Spain, Columbus sailed westward in search of silks and spices in Asia only to discover America instead.

In the 1600's:

— 1620, December 21, wind-battered and weary, the Pilgrims anchored in Plymouth Harbor, MA after being at sea for approximately two months. They spend the winter on their crowded ship (Mayflower) and lost half the people due to disease. Over the next several years the population in Plymouth great due to new arrivals from England.

— 1659, the first homesteaders (two men, 1 woman, and six children), arrived on Nantucket Island traveling by open boat through seas churned high by winds of approaching winter. Farming and fishing were main activities till 1712 before whaling became popular.

— 1675, Boston Harbor Islands had historically been places where society had set apart unwelcome institutions and people on the margins. American Indians were interned on Deer Island during King Philips' war.

— 1684, the English purchased the Rumney Marsh and Pudding Point properties from the Native Americans. Then between 1753 and 1763, a fishing industry was located at Point Shirley and 300 people stayed and worked there.

For millennium Northeast coastal Indians fished, farmed and hunted on the islands, and European settlers used them for much the same purposes. The large natural harbor and New England's transportation network have made Boston a thriving seaport since. The port had its share of sea tales, as ships plying the harbor's sea-lanes intercepted pirates.

The pirates would ride up and down the Atlantic coast between Newburyport and Winthrop. It was here they would hide out at Pudding Point waiting for other ships to come down then attack and sink the boats. Before the boats would sink, though, the pirates would take the treasures of gold and jewelry off the boats, then sail back up towards Newburyport where they'd bury these rewards. Where exactly no on today really knows. However, if you come and visit Winthrop, be sure to walk the three-mile path around Deer Island and stop dead center at the tip. In front of you is a tiny island with a light on it called Nix's Mate. It is here where the pirates were actually imprisoned and some are believed to have died there. On a dark, windy day you can hear them cry revenge. Today boats make it a point to stay clear of Nix's Mate. The actual structure is a ledge and meeting place for four different channels; Nubble, Narrows, South, and North. The tide swirls pretty strong there and if you get caught, you may end up with the pirates.

Boston was also a port of entry for early settlers and alter immigrants seeking a better life in a new world.

In the late 1960's Winthrop had lots of mud flats surrounding their three yacht clubs. There was a problem at that time with some of the overflow from Deer Island coming back into the harbor. This "fertilizer" was causing sea lettuce to grow. Unfortunately, the sea lettuce was covering all the clam-flats causing the clams to die off. The odor and pollution from the clams were permeating the neighborhoods and peeling paint off the houses. A doctor was brought in to find out what could be done and he recommended putting everything under water by dredging.

Clamming is a lively industry in Winthrop and supplies many restaurants in the area. In fact, Boston chefs have claimed the best clams are the ones from Winthrop.

Every week the biologists at Plum Island's Purification Plant sends out an email to all the clam diggers in Quincy, Boston, and Weymouth. This email notifies clam diggers where and when they can dig for soft shell clams. According to Massachusetts State Law, a clam digger is allotted five racks of soft shell clams per day. This really is not a lot of clams in the scheme of things, but it's back breaking work all the same. Rules and regulations keep changing making it more difficult to support a family this way.

So, no matter if …

Horse Jewelry

Dan Fogelberg's "Run For The Roses" speaks of our love for horses; our enchantment of a graceful warrior and trusted friend to man. As the Western theme starts to reappear in clothing, and boot cut jeans become a preferred style, horse themes are taking their prominent place once again. From artwork on T Shirts and air brushed designer jackets, to horse jewelry in a shining sterling silver finish, adorned with rhinestones and turquoise, or the more stoic leather and stainless steel – equine shapes are everywhere.

Who can deny our admiration of a beautiful stallion, his mane glistening, tossing in the springtime breeze, as his soulful equestrian eyes search for a friend. This graceful animal, raises it's head along its beautiful and muscular lines, to proudly proclaim it's graces, its strength and its confidence.

Merchants across the country have taken notice of this increased interest interest. Retailers are seeking to add items to their shops, while others add a wholesale horse jewelry category to help fill displays at local shops. From the simple to the elite, inexpensive to quite a bit, the variety keeps expanding as the demand grows. It seems like the fascination and adoration for these majestic creatures is growing daily.

Horse jewelry allows us to keep our love for these incredible animals in our minds and close to our hearts. Distributors are beginning to pick up on this trend, and adding wholesale horse jewelry to their collection of offers. From the lovely and steadfast palomino, to the sturdy strength of a thoroughbred, horses elegantly represent an ability for us to live and move forward, to work hard and make our dreams happen. As many of us are facing questions on how best to move forward, possibly seeking the comfort and joy of watching one of these beautiful creatures may give us an insight on our own path that lies ahead – as we pursue our own "Run for the Roses . "



Source by Julie W Hall

Helpful Tips in Removing Crow's Feet

Removing crow's feet is a tad more challenging that you might have imagined. Although these are just tiny lines found at the corners of the eyes, they are slowly difficult to deal with. Actually, skin aging is difficult to deal with. You are literally defying the laws of nature.

The signs of aging usually start around the eye area. That is because this part of the face is significantly thinner than the rest of the body. In addition to that, it is more susceptible to damages such as squinting and eye rubbing.

Here are some of the tips that can somehow lessen the appearance of crow's feet:

1. Do not rub your eyes
Constant or habitual eye rubbing will only disturb the thin and weak tissues around the eye area. If your eyes feel a little itchy, why do not you just tap it instead of rub it? Or close your eyes for a few minutes until the uncomfortable sensation passes.

2. Rest your eyes
If you are watching at your computer all day long, this can cause the muscles around your eyes to get stiff. Do some easy eye exercises to improve circulation and then stare outside your window.

3. Use an effective eye cream
Eye creams work in correcting the common aging problems of the eyes. But make sure it contains something effective such as the ingredients Eyeliss, CynergyTK and Phytessence Wakame.

Eyeliss is an ingredient loaded with peptides. When natural peptides are transferred to the skin, these nutrients immediately plump up weak skin cells. This will then improve blood circulation. This ingredient also works well in improving the thickness of the dermis. CynergyTK is what you need to strengthen dermis tissues. It is an ingredient taken from sheep wool. It contains functional keratin, a nutrient that is necessary for the regeneration of collagen and elastin. This will ensure that the skin around your eyes is firm, elastic and resilient. Phytessence Wakame is a type of Japanese sea weed that works in preserving hyaluronic acid. This acid can help moisturize collagen proteins.

4. Eat foods rich in Vitamin A and Beta Carotene
Not only are these nutrients beneficial for our eyesight, these nutrients are also work in repairing damaged skin tissues. They enable a regeneration of tissues.

5. Put on sunglasses
This will protect your skin from the sun's UV rays and will also shield your eyes from the sun to avoid squinting.



Source by Elizabeth Simpson

Celtic Jewelry – Symbols That Tie The Present And Past

If you weren’t paying attention, it may have seemed that the sudden popularity of Celtic jewelry was something that just burst on to the scene. But those that know better understand that this revival of sorts was actually thousands of years in the making.

If you are looking for jewelry that is both striking and makes a statement, it’s time for you to take a look at what this jewelry has to offer. This bold, stylized type of adornment is derived from the art of the ancient Celtic people of Europe. It has a variety of different meanings and it is no wonder that this kind of jewelry has become so attractive and desirable in recent years.

Celtic art, which is reproduced in silver and can easily be found on earrings, rings, bracelets and pendants, is ornamental, but it could be found in a wide variety of different locations. Perhaps most famously, it has been found on large stone monoliths and posts, but the distinctive, intertwining knotted designs have also been seen on jewelry and on the illuminations of the day, done up in bright and vibrant colors as well as in gold and silver paints.

Today, Celtic designs can be seen primarily on silver and gold jewelry, and there are many reasons why it is so popular. During the middle part of the nineteenth century, there was an Irish revival that featured a reclaiming and reassertion of Irish identity. It was, in many countries, called a Celtic revival. As a result of this movement, there were many showcases of Celtic art that exemplified the twisting designs of the art that is so very distinctive.

This notable form of Celtic art is important to various people in various ways. For some, it is an important part of claiming their Irish or English heritage, one that goes back more than a thousand years. As such, it can put them in touch with their roots in a very visual manner. Similarly, other people are fond of the Celtic designs because of their unending nature; the long loops without breaks are very striking and can be quite meaningfully interpreted by the people who choose to adopt them as personal symbols.

Still other people like the symbolism of specific pieces of artwork themselves. For instance, one example of an ancient engagement ring was the claddagh, a representation of two hands holding a crowned heart. Many couples have adopted this piece of jewelry as a personal statement of their commitment to each other and as an assertion of their bonds with the past.

It is no wonder that Celtic jewelry has made such an impression on people today. Along with a fascinating intriguing design, it offers a great deal of insight into the past, and like any good adornment it decorates and beautifies the wearer!



Source by Ned D’Agostino

Sun Damage Can Cause Eye Disorders

Sun Damage can cause Eye Disorders

Scientific evidence has proved that ultraviolet rays can cause damaged to your eyes, The long term effects can lead to Blurred vision, vision impaired, head aches and in some worse cases vision loss.

It's important to cover your eyes with sunglasses that protects you from the UV's rays. Ultraviolet Radiation is invisible and over exposure has shown the risks of developing age-related muscular degeneration. Retinal diseases are the leading cause for blindness and unlike your skin the results are irreversible.

So What age should you wear Sunglasses

The Younger the better, the risk of retinal damage is much greater when your in your childhood. The damage happens over a long period of time and the effects are not felt normally until your in to your adult years. However with the ozone lays and green house gasses, it's never been a better time than now to start thinking about investing in to some good Quality eye care.

What sunglasses should I get Not all sunglasses are the same, and a lot of cheap brands make false claims.

A good pair of sunglasses should protect your eyes from both UVA and UVB sunrays. UVA or UV400 = 400 nm the wavelength of UVA radiation (they should block out about 100% UVA rays). And all sunglasses block out UVB sunrays.

Is a darker lens better for protection

Ordinary dark sunglasses can make the effects worse if they have not got protection, the dark lenses cause your s to open wider the restore more light, by this your pupils dilate, upon which this this allows more UVA radiation to damage the lens and retina in your eyes.

What symptoms should I be aware of

A form of eye damage is loss of transparency in the lens of your eyes, if left untreated this can turn to blindness. Another kind is appterygial, this is tissue growth that can block vision. Skin cancer around your eyes, and degeneration of the macula. Your Options or Doctor would be best to advise you.

All these problems can be avoided just by wearing the right eyewear, Sunglasses are not just a fashion statement, they are a very important part of every day life. The younger you start to wear them, the better your eye's will be in the future. You should always encourage your children to wear sunglasses.



Source by Clifford J Doney

Benefits of Jewelry Designing Courses

There are number of online and off line courses in jewelry designing offered by accredited institutions. The training imparted culminates in a diploma certification and especially targets the hard-core sales professionals. The jewelry designing courses focus exclusively on essential product knowledge and tried and tested proven sales techniques. You are taught how to sell diamonds and jewelry.

The training is not directed towards technical grading, but to develop the confidence to provide accurate descriptions and deliver sales presentations. Some distance education resources also offer the courses within the environment most convenient for learning:

your home. The courses are designed to enable you to apply practical skills, trust and credibility.

The courses are usually offered in the basic categories of ‘Essentials’ and ‘Stones’.

The ‘Essentials’ category imparts concise sales information, to increase sales and your level of confidence. The theory is made available via engaging texts and photographs and color reference guides.

In the ‘Stones’ category, you are taught which metals and settings are durable. You get acquainted with manufacturing techniques like casting, die striking and electroforming.

This category is designed to enable you to have all the important information right at your fingertips and create better “sight value”. You will learn how karat gold affects appeal and value and understand various cuts and stone settings. You get to discover for yourself the sales process and learn how to relate quality, rarity, and color to the gem values.

The courses are designed to make you a pro at jewelry designing and selling. By the end of the course. you will be able to access all the information and sales tips you would need to start selling more jewelry than you ever imagined! You can also take advantage of moneymaking tips on turning product knowledge into sales. You are taught how to apply practical theory to explain appearance and value effectively.

You also learn which gem shapes are the most popular and get to familiarize yourself with the best-selling types of jewelry. The online and off line courses enable you to take full advantage of the ‘real world’ sales tips. The guides made available to you within the course, keep information at your finger tips.

Topics like the creation and sale of exclusive Bridal Jewelry is included within the course material, which gives you ample scope to function within the target market almost immediately. The jewelry designing courses are offered via real classroom training and online courses. The fees are very minimal, in comparison to what you would be earning months down the line.

The jewelry designing taught includes the eternal traditional designs and the art of meeting customized designs. If you choose to cater to a particular target market, then the sky is the limit to the earnings possible. You could also tie up with established businesses in the industry and make your designs available to them. Or you could showcase your own collection online and encourage online sales and auctions. Jewelry designing is catching up fast as a very lucrative vocational option and one that is here to stay.



Source by Victor Epand

A Superluminous Supernova Surprise

Supernovae are the most brilliant and powerful stellar blasts known, and their fierce traveling light can be observed all the way out to the very edge of the visible Universe. When a doomed massive star has managed to consume its necessary supply of nuclear-fusing fuel–that has kept it bouncy against the relentless crush of its own gravity–it perishes in the violent, raging final tantrum of a supernova explosion. In the aftermath of the massive star’s final blaze of glory, it leaves behind a souvenir to the Universe, telling the tragic story of how there was once a star that is a star no more. The tattle-tale relic that the erstwhile star leaves as its legacy is either a bizarre, dense little “oddball” called a neutron star, or an even weirder stellar ghost known as a black hole of stellar mass. In July 2017, a team of astronomers announced their discovery that an exceptionally bright supernova occurred in a very unusual location–and the discovery of this “heavy metal” supernova challenges current ideas of how and where such ferociously luminous supernovae occur.

For the past decade, astronomers have detected about 50 unusually powerful supernovae out of the thousands already known. These extremely energetic blasts are much brighter than other supernovae caused by the collapse of a doomed and dying massive star. Indeed, they can briefly outshine their entire host galaxy, as they hurl vital newly-forged atomic elements out into space. Known as superluminous supernovae or hypernovae, these extraordinary explosions show a luminosity 10 or more times higher than that of the more common type of supernova.

Superluminous supernovae are responsible for long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), which can last anywhere from 2 seconds to over a minute. These brilliant bursts were detected for the first time on July 2, 1967 by U.S. military satellites in high orbit, whose purpose it was to spot gamma radiation. The United States, at that time, suspected the USSR of conducting clandestine nuclear tests, even though it had signed the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963. Also, the U.S. Vela satellites–on the hunt for possible violations of the Test Ban Treaty–were able to spot explosions behind the Moon. Indeed, the U.S. military satellites did detect a signal–but it was unlike that of a nuclear weapon signature, and it could not be correlated to solar flares.

Over the following few decades, the mysterious GRB’s kept the secret of their origin well hidden from the prying eyes of astronomers. Gamma rays need extremely energetic events to produce them, and yet the bewildering GRBs could not be correlated to a supernova blast, solar flares, or any other known activity in space. Their very brief existence made them difficult to trace. However, once their direction could finally be determined, it was found that they were evenly distributed across the sky. For this reason, they could not originate within our Milky Way Galaxy, or even from nearby galaxies. The mysterious bursts had to be coming from distant regions of space.

In February 1997, the Dutch-Italian satellite BeppoSAX successfully traced GRB 970508 to a dim and distant galaxy approximately 6 billion light-years from Earth. When astronomers analyzed the spectroscopic data for both the burst and its host galaxy, they found that a hypernova was the mysterious burst’s place of origin. That same year, hypernovae were studied in greater detail by Princeton University astronomer Dr. Bohdan Paczynski.

The first hypernova to be detected was SN 1998bw. This brilliant stellar blast had a luminosity 100 times higher than a standard Type 1b supernova. The first confirmed superluminous supernova to be connected to a GRB wasn’t detected until 2003, when GRB 030329 lit up the Leo constellation. SN 2003db heralded the explosive death of a star that had been 25 times more massive than our Sun. These fatal stellar fireworks shot material out into space at more than a tenth of the speed of light.

Currently, many astronomers think that dying stars boasting about 40 solar-masses produce superluminous supernovae.

The End Of The Stellar Road

The stars of the Universe produce energy as a result of the process of nuclear fusion. These giant stars possess sufficient mass to fuse atomic elements that have higher masses than small stars like our Sun can fuse. The degeneracy pressure of electrons and the energy manufactured by fusion reactions are sufficient to battle the relentless squeeze of gravity. This pressure prevents the star from collapsing, and in this way maintains stellar equilibrium. The star fuses increasingly higher and higher mass atomic elements, starting with the two lightest elements–hydrogen and helium. The massive star then continues on and on to produce all of the elements listed in the familiar Periodic Table. But, at last, when a core of iron and nickel forms, as a result …