Urban History and Current Trend of Name Necklace

Hollywood stars and singers like Madonna, J.Lo, MC Hammer, and many more have made it more fashionable to wear name necklaces. While some think of it simply as a fashion statement, name necklaces also have its own unique history. A silver name necklace or one in gold have been around for a couple of decades and became increasingly popular especially in the 1980s due to the rise of urban and hip hop styles. However, taking a further look back in history, it was recorded the newly freed slaves changed their name. There was a need for African-Americans to change their name. In retrospect it spoke of a new beginning, a new identity. During those times, it was important to come up with a unique name to establish an identity.

When looking at a personalized necklace, one can get an idea or feel of the personality of the wearer. One publisher shared that mothers would try to save all the pennies that they could in order to afford a necklace or jewelry for their little one so that their little girls could feel that they were important and that they were someone special.

The trend amongst the African-American community was eventually absorbed by others in the community. On the total opposite side we can see that Sex in the City’s Carrie made it more increasingly popular and even called it “ghetto gold.” Even if it is worn by different members and backgrounds of the community, there is the stereotype and recognition that the style emerged from the African-American, Urban, Hip-hop community. The style is continuing to change as many wearers are also making personalized name necklace with adjectives.

Different name necklaces designs are available in the market today. It has become an increasingly popular gift idea and considerably fashionable to wear. A nameplate necklace can be worn to any event whether it is formal or informal. Like Carrie, she wore her necklace whether she donned on jeans and a t-shirt or a beautiful black dress.

Prices for personalized jewelry or a necklace with name come in different ranges. Some have already been made and can be found in malls like a children name necklace. However, it is possible to design one’s own to make it especially customized which gives the giver the avenue to display their take on the wearer. Things to consider is the size, color, chain length, and even how many diamonds one would like to put on it. Icons such as teddy bears and dolls can also be put on the necklace. Children name necklace can also be designed. This makes a very beautiful gift which could be an heirloom passed in the future.



Source by Jennylyn P Pereira

Abortion Methods – Learn 7 Different Types Of Abortion

Spontaneous, Herbal and Induced are the three general methods of abortion. Although it is not that popular or necessary in this modern era but there is a method known as self-inflicted abortion also. Most of the people do not consider self-inflicted abortion to be among the major methods.

In self-inflicted abortion a a sharp object such as a coat hanger is inserted into the cervix of the expecting mother. This method is known to be extremely dangerous or deadly and is not at all reliable.

One of the oldest method of abortion is herbal abortion which is also not considered very safe. The result of Herbal abortion is sometimes only a sick pregnant woman. It is not much different from the worse self-inflicted abortion. Over hundreds of years, several herbs are used to carry on herbal abortion. These herbs use to be silphium, birthwort, black cohosh, pennyroyal, tansy etc. of which some are now extinct. It also include modern day herbs that some people use daily such as juniper, lavender, parsley, thyme, marjoram and dill. Such herbs are termed as abortifacient or simply the herbs that can cause abortion.

However, surgical methods are the most commonly used abortion methods these days. Doctor may initiate one of the three surgical procedures to initiate abortion at an early term. The three surgical procedures followed for abortion are:

1) Manual Vacuum Aspiration or MVA- In MVA method a syringe is used to suction out tissue which causes abortion

2) Electric Vacuum Aspiration or EVA- In an EVA method an electric pump is used to suction the tissue out.

3) Dilation and Curettage or D&C- Once the cervix of the pregnant woman has been opened, sharp curette is used to clean the uterus walls.

4) Dilation and Evacuation or D&E- In this method the uterus is cleaned by the use of instruments and suction once the cervix of the pregnant woman has been opened.

5) Hysterectomy Abortion- Hysterectomy Abortion is related to the cesarean section to terminate a pregnancy.

6) Controversial Intact Dilation and Extraction or IDX- IDX is also known as Partial Birth Abortion. In this method the cervix is diated by use of forceps to grasp and turn fetus in breech position. Then the fetus is withdrawn and only head of the fetus is left inside cervix. Then the head is collapsed by suction of brain matter from the skull. This is done through the small incision which is made at the base of the skull. IDX or Partial Birth Abortion is a banned abortion method under Partial Birth Abortion Ban law. This law was passed by Congress and came into effect when President George W Bush signed it in 2003. But this law does not provide any information in cases where abortion is necessary for woman’s health and is therefore examined by US Supreme Court for its legal validity.

7) Chemical Methods- Combination of drugs can effectively terminate or end pregnancy. Drugs such as mifepristone or methotrexate are used for abortion which is followed by prostaglandin. Prostaglandin comes in two types and its usage depends on the place where abortion is done. Gemeprost is used in Sweden, UK whereas in US misoprostol is used commonly for abortion.



Source by Abhishek Agarwal

Palm Wine and Its Importance In Traditional Igbo Society

Palm wine in Igbo land comes in two sources: nkwu (palm tree) – the source of the palm wine known as “Mmanya Nkwu”, and ngwo (rafia palm tree) – the source of the palm wine, known as “Mmanya Ngwo”. Each of the palm wine categories are regarded with different respects. Each has different functions in different occasions, depending on of course, how that particular area or village regards it.

In production, they are tapped in much the same way, by climbing to the required height or to the neck of the palm tree and cutting ducts, under which are placed local mugs (calabashes) or plastic gallons. In some areas, the “Mmanya nkwu” is tapped also from a fallen palm tree. However, it is worth mentioning that the quantity of “Mmanya ngwo” obtainable from the palm tree is usually about thrice that of “Mmanya nkwu” within the same time limit.

In taste, they are also different while “Mmanya ngwo” tastes very sweet (sugary) but goes sour (fermentation) within a shorter duration. The “Mmanya nkwu” has a unique sweet, but pleasant taste which it maintains for a longer duration. Some areas in Igboland regards “Mmanya nkwu” better than “‘Mmanya ngwo”. This preference sometimes depends on the availability of one over the other in that area. Hence in some areas, traditional marriage and bride price ceremonies are not honoured with “mmanya ngwo”, some other areas can accept “mmanya ngwo” where “mmanya nkwu” is not available. In some areas, the preferred kind of wine is employed in settling land disputes, in traditional gatherings, marriages, burials, festivities, land leasing occasions, among a host of other activities and ceremonies too numerous to mention.

When being served in any occasion, the associated rules are obeyed. In any gathering, it is the youngest man or male that serves the wine, which is usually drunk traditionally in either elephant tusks or cow horns for titled men. There is also another drinking cup called “Okuku”, a small type of cup made from a calabash. The young man serving will hold the wine container (calabash or gallon) on his left lap (thigh) and supports it with his left hand, while he holds the tusk or horn (“mpi” or “Okuku” – calabash cup) in his right hand. The first one he serves is handed to the host to drink. The second goes to himself, while the third goes to the eldest man in the gathering.

After all the formalities, the rest of the men are equal, and are served except for titled men who are served first before the others. But if the young man is to serve the wine standing, he holds the base of the container with his right hand and the neck with his left hand, while the partakers holds out their cups for him to pour out the wine. This is not the case for a woman. If she is to be served the wine, the young man pours it himself and hands the cup of wine to her, who in turn receives it with both hands as mark of respect and honour. She must not drink it while standing in the gathering; she squats down or sits somewhere before drinking it. If at any point the young man decides to shake the container to make for even concentration, he must first drop the container on the ground before he continues serving and the first person to tap him will receive a cup of wine.

The last cup of palm wine which contains the dregs (Ugwu mmanya) is usually given as a mark of honour to the eldest or the host. The Igbo man, you may infer, is actually rich in culture and tradition.

In subsequent write-ups, I will emphasize on the importance of Palm Wine to the Igbo race, and indeed the whole world.



Source by Vitus Ejiogu

The Original Designer Fashions, Or Why Do We Wear Clothes?

Let’s think about why we wore clothes today-warmth, protection, just plain common sense, cultural expectations. But does the Bible give us any clues about why we wear clothes?    

Ken Ham, a well-known biblical creationist, teaches that the first eleven chapters of Genesis provide the basis for all the principles of Christian doctrine. So let’s go to this book of beginnings to look for the answer to our question “Why do we wear clothes?”.

In the Beginning

     

As believers in Christ, we have the story of creation laid out for us very plainly in Genesis. We know that in chapters 1 and 2 God created the heavens and the earth, formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, proclaimed that it is not good for man to be alone, and created a suitable helper for Adam. Adam said, “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, for she was taken out of man.”

     

The verse I would like to focus on is Genesis 2:25: “The man and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.”

     

We can only imagine the situation: Adam and Eve were created by a perfect Creator and placed in a perfect environment. They had no knowledge of anything evil; they walked with God in the garden and communed with Him directly; they had no reason to be ashamed or to feel shame at being unclothed. There was nothing impure about the situation.

     

I don’t know how long Adam and Eve were privileged to enjoy such a pure existence, but the serpent entered the picture and preyed upon the naivety of Eve by enticing her to eat the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. She then led Adam into sharing in the sin.

      

This disobedience broke their perfect relationship with God, and suddenly the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked (Genesis 3:7). Their shame at this knowledge caused them to feel the need to cover themselves. Their plan was to sew together fig leaves to make aprons for themselves, thus covering their private parts. When God came to walk with them in the cool of the day they were so ashamed that they hid from Him.

       

Do you think He already knew what they had done? They needed to say and God needed to hear them say what they had done to break this wonderful fellowship they had enjoyed. So He got right to the heart of the matter, not commenting on their manner of covering their sin, but rather dealt with the sin that had been committed. Punishment was pronounced immediately.

From Master Creator to Master Designer

        

Then the Master Creator became the Master Designer as He made garments of skin for Adam and Eve. You might say they had the original Designer clothes! Here we see the first blood sacrifice for sin, as one or more animals would have had to be killed to make the coverings for Adam and Eve. Most authorities agree that the meaning of the word translated “garment” in Gen. 3:21 indicates a piece of clothing which covered the body at least from the neck to the knees. God’s plan was not the same as Adam and Eve’s plan!              

        

In the following devotions, we are going to explore more about clothing and fashions, and what the Bible and other Christians have to say about how we dress.  Right now I would like to pose the question to all of us as girls, young ladies, and women:  Are we, like Eve, offering forbidden fruit by dressing in a way that does not match the original Designer’s plan? Although men have the responsibility to control themselves, are we placing temptations in front of them that will cause them to desire what they should not desire?

Let’s pray. “Father, You know the heart of each one in this room. You know the innocence, the naivety, as well as the sinfulness. Please speak to us in the language we can understand and show us how we can improve in our presentation of this feminine body You created. Help us to enjoy our time together learning how to use our creativity to honor You. We commit ourselves to You. In Jesus’ name, Amen.



Source by Melissa Duriga

The Low-Down on This Summer's Shades

It looks like there is a worldwide plot to alter trends in sunglasses on a nearly yearly basis. It fails of course, but sometimes something that should have never been in the first place becomes a trend through sheer persistence. Growing up we had a drawer in our house that held nothing but sunglasses of every size, shape and color. My parents finally sold that house and while moving them recently we rediscovered the drawer. Inside was a fifty year history of sunglasses in America. My sisters inspected each pair recalling who they belonged to and what vacation they were from or what boy they were dating at the time. My two daughters were of course ecstatic and gleefully picked out the ones they wanted, which was nearly all of them.

Back then only a few designers had gotten into the sunglasses game. We of course had Ray-Bans and Oakleys, which cost plenty, but there were no Dior, Gucci or Armani sunglasses to be found when I was growing up. Today you can not throw a stick in an optometrist's office without hitting a dozen designer frames. I'm not so vain that I will only wear the latest fashions, but if I'm dropping some money on a pair I prefer to get something that's at least in style right now.

Oversized sunglasses are still in for better or worse. I tried a few frames by Gucci and Prada and laughed because some were so big they looked more like a mask than sunglasses. No, I do not have an especially small face. Like all designer trends, they've taken a step closer to ridiculous in an attempt to be unique. What is new is the variety of lens shapes and colors. I still can not look at them without thinking of Charlie's Angels.

Aviator glasses are also still in, but have an elementone some kind of fashion inflected mutation. Double frames, rose tinted gradient lenses, oh my. These have never been my go to as they just look like dude glasses. It does not matter how well you do your hair, how sexy you dress or even how red your lipstick is, you still look like you're wearing your brother's sunglasses.

Of course cat eye sunglasses are back because they're fabulous. I'm hoping this is a style that never goes away and even if it does I'm still wearing them until the day I die. I had a pair of black and green Armani's with full tint lenses that made the beach at noon look like the dark side of the moon. I tried to find another pair after mine were lost somewhere between Nassau and Chicago, but they do not sell that model anymore which is horrible.

If you do pick up a new pair of sunglasses this summer, remember not to throw your old ones out. Put them in that drawer with all the others so that someday you can pass them on. Plus you never know, they could come back in style.



Source by Sally Hamilton

Uggs Sheepskin Boots – Are the Worth It?

Many believe the Uggs boot to be the most comfortable on the market. It is crafted with sheepskin which is soft. It conforms to the shape of the foot and keeps it cool in hot weather and warm in the freezing cold. The functionality and craftsmanship of the sheepskin along with its comfort makes it a popular choice.

You will adore these Uggs as you consider how they leapt from the fashion pages and into the mainstream. Why are they so popular? It’s because they are stylish and comfortable. Consumers overwhelmingly chose them for those reasons and not the hype.

If you are looking for a discounted pair of Uggs boots or a special deal on Ebay, you may find something that will fit your budget. But, you will not find discounted merchandise at retail and cyber shoe stores.

They were popular with Australian swimmers and surfers in the 1960’s then migrating to California for the shakedown fashion cruise. Needless to say, they became a sensation.

Warm Ugg sheepskin slippers are available in short and taller styles in colors ranging from neutral colors, tans, browns and as flat heels that can be worn as a slipper or street moccasin. They offer absolute comfort in summer as well as winter. The great part is that they are virtually odor free.

The shoes were so practical and comfortable that word spread on the street about the footwear’s attributes. Sheepskin is much more comfortable than cowhide and odors tend not to develop because the shoe breathes well.

The sheepskin fleece allows for air circulation that in the summer doesn’t heat up your feet and in winter provides insulation against the cold. It’s a comfortable boot for all seasons. That applies to their slippers as well. The Ugg tanned outer surface with wool inner lining are designed to wear without socks. Ugg Australia is the comfort shoe of choice.

Did you ever wonder how the word Ugg came about? The common interpretation was ”ugly boot”. The Australian sheep shearers who first crafted the boot thought they were ugly. Well, the name stuck even though the newly-designed version is attractive and a far cry from the frontier beginnings. They are cozy and functional.

Today there is a wider number of designs to choose from for men and women’s Ugg boots. There is the classic Ugg boot and newer designs in a variety of colors and materials. Women’s crochet designs got the nod from Oprah Winfrey “Favorite Things” segment with their knitted upper part and come with a sheepskin sock liner. Uggs are available in various lengths and colors. Other Ugg boot designs have incorporated design features that sport a slimmed down upper part along with some styles including a laced look.



Source by Mark Bates

Men’s Coats – The Finishing Touch

Finishing Touches

Men’s coats come in many sizes, shapes and colours. There are short casual bombers or tailored metro-sexual men’s coats; there are mid-length leather jackets that ooze confidence and success; there is the men’s long dress coat and then a variety of sport specific rainbow coloured jackets that no fashion conscious sportsman would be without. Whether you are bombing down the ski hill on your snowboard or on your way to the board room the right coat men’s coat can finish your look and give you the confidence to be your best on either.

Be Prepared

Ideally, purchase two men’s coats. All-weather trench coats work well with suits for mild rainy weather and a full-length winter coat for cold snowy days. While you will find double and single-breasted styles, the fashion right now is for single. Choose what suits your body type best. Not sure? Ask for professional help; ask a significant other or informative sales clerk to help you to find the perfect men’s coat that works best for you and your wardrobe.

The Fall Trench Coat

A man’s fall trench coat should be made of good weatherproof cotton canvas. It may have a belted waist and button front or may resemble the Austrian outback coat and drape from the shoulder. Again make a choice that is flattering for you. For less frequent cleaning choose dark colours such as blue, black, brown or green.

A Winter Dress Coat

A winter dress coat should be made of wool or down and the longer the coat, usually the more formal it is. Choose a dark colour that compliments your wardrobe and your colouring. Coats in dark shades of blue, grey and black are good for cool skin tones and those who have a warmer skin tone, or naturally red hair can wear beige, dark green and brown. To make a statement, make an investment in a soft cashmere winter warmer men’s coat.

Fur Coats

Men’s fur coats may have once been a statement of wealth and power. Now wearing the skin of an animal makes a statement of ignorance and lack of care for the environment. Fur may have once been a necessity, now it is a potentially dangerous frivolity. Protestors and PETA activists single out those wearing fur coats and attack them with slander and spray paint. Stick to wool, no one had to die for it and you will not risk being politically incorrect.

The Right Jacket for the Right Occasion

Another fashion faux pas’ includes trying to wear a parka, hoodie or jean jacket with a suit. No matter what you have seen on the cover of a magazine this is not an appropriate choice to cover a tailored suit.

Find your style

Find your style, your colours and show your personality in your outerwear. For much of the year your coat is really the first impression that you offer when you walk into a room. Orchestrate that impression and buy the best that you can afford.



Source by Chris Norriss

Lovers Dance

Here I sit in silent wonder searching beyond the veil of consciousness driven by Divine discontent. Yes, only in the peace of stillness can the source of all knowledge, love and wisdom be found in the collective unconscious or universal mind. The sweetest music in the universe is when lovers dance to the tune of the one vibration. However so many in this period of history, fail to learn how to dance correctly in order to create the most beautiful inspirational harmony. This leads us to the realization, that the main purpose of relationship is spiritual growth. Correct relationship with another is only possible when first you have attained this within yourself.

The world reflects back to you, your own energy state. Therefore in the beginning of your conscious journey in life you need to become aware of your own unique energy state or frequency. The easiest way to work this out is to look at what is reflected back from a partner with what you can exchange energy with love and caring. Unfortunately it is not possible to learn very much from someone for what you care very little about.

So now this leads us into a good story because I like you enjoy a good story. The greatest joy in this world is a person who feels that he has been truly, completely and totally divinely blessed. However Daniel did not feel this way as he sat on the beach early one fine morning watching the sun rise. The sun rose from out of the East pushing back the darkness. This is the beginning of another day completing another cycle of rebirth.

Daniel sat there watching the sun's rays first stream out from the horizon over the ocean; followed by the illumination of the tops of the clouds and then the tops of the trees on the headland. It is at first a heel glow before being transformed into a golden ball of light. How the evolution of the soul so closely mirrors this simple awakening each morning.

At first the soul is so clouded down by the outflowing controls of the ego that only a dim light can be seen. However in the fullness of time as the ego is so worn down through pain and suffering experience it ever gives up or surrenders to the higher power within. So now we can see only the golden glow of the beautiful uplifting all inspiring soul light a burning fire.

Yes, in stillness Daniel sat there quietly pondering on the cyclic nature of life. Contemplating upon another failed relationship wondering what he had learned out of it all? This man is a little bitter may we say because he is now the veteran survivor of a couple of failed relationships. He is a little scarred and battle weary from his experiences. However in failure you have the seeds of success. So as he was always the eternal optimist; his interest was soon ignited when one fine day he sees a pretty young thing oops I mean young woman move across his field of vision. Attraction is the soul's joke on the personality.

The woman of his attraction was Rose an aspiring high priestess we may say. Although she understands the theory of the ancient wisdom she has yet the skill to live this correctly in practice. Even though she is a few years younger in physical age, her spiritual maturity was a finer lighter frequency by comparison. As their eyes met them both felt the shudder of instant magnetic attraction as their auras complimented each other lifting their composite energy even higher.

The higher frequency person is the teacher or guide while the lower frequency person is the student. We are all guides or students depending on who we are talking to on the path of life. Because Rose could see a little further than her partner she could see the limitations. However she chooses to commit herself as an act of service. In addition due to a very deep inner insecure, she felt drawn back into relationship to fulfill the soul driven urge to find completion. Every person who understands and lives personal responsibility correctly is also a priest. This is why we say that she is an aspiring high priestess because she is working towards this goal.

From that very first moment they pursued a path of courtship finding that place where all lovers ever go, the consummation of their love by becoming lovers. The big commitment was then made to love each other forever and always. This couple had a lot going for them in many respects. In particular they had an understanding of energy conservation. In addition the ability to raise energy from the lower to the higher chakra's or energy center's in the …

A Metaphor for Refractive Errors

Almost anything the most beautiful possible can be perceived only through the eyes. The eyes have long been considered as an essential organ for all sighted individuals. The eye is in fact a very complex organ that consist of various delicate parts. Each of these parts describes careful protection. Putting aside its complexity, the eye can be considered as a circle. It is easy to understand that the image of the circle will fall at the opposite side on the margin of the circle if a person shines a candle light in front of the circle. However, people with refractive errors have irregular eye balls. Taking the same example, the image of the candle light falls either in front or far behind the circle because of the irregular shape of the circle itself. This metaphor simply explains the principle of refractive errors. The reason is that those pamphlets are always hard to understand.

Once told to wear a pair of corrective eye glasses, either a child or an adult will probably get agitated or annoyed. However, it is often inevitable while the doctor believes that the glasses are the best solution. Refractive errors including nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism are the exact reasons for the need to use prescription glasses. It is impossible to shrink the eye by making a hole. Nor it is possible to make it enlarge by blowing air into it. Eyeglasses with appropriate powers are now widely used to make the eyes focus properly. Applying these lenses to the same metaphor, they are actually located in between the candle light and the circle. By adding such a lens, the image will fall exactly on the circle. Prescription lenses come with either minus or plus powers, corresponding to farsightedness or nearsightedness respectively. Just get relaxed when you are told to use eyeglasses.



Source by Cliff Krause

Lola Rose Jewelery – The Story of Lola Rose

When the Lola Rose jewelery brand was first created ten years ago who would have known that it would quickly become one of the most well known jewelery ranges on both sides of the Atlantic. Worn by some of the most popular celebrities and seen in high end fashion magazines around the world, the Lola Rose jewelery range consists of some of the most elegant yet affordable pieces in the world of jewelery. But, the burning question has to be, just who is Lola Rose?

The Lola Rose jewelery range was born by Nicola Gewirtz back in 2000 as a side line venture to her promising career as a personal assistant in the corporate world. Having received a birthday gift from a friend which cost almost as much as the outfit it would compliment, Nicola realized that it was time luxurious jewelery was allowed to be purchased by the masses without the massive, sometimes outrageous price tags most commonly seen on the high street. So the Lola Rose jewelry range was born, named after her Grandma, Lola, an elegant woman on a daily basis, Nicola wanted to create a somewhat simple range of jewelery using still the best price range but still within a range range woman.

"Simply gorgeous, simply sexy, simply divine and simply chique." – Nicola Gewirtz for QVC

Initially just selling to her friends and family, Nicola quickly realized that this could and should be taken further. She took the gamble and with no real business knowledge started things formally and approached the big name stores. That was then, and now the Lola Rose jewelery range is one of the most respected ranges out there. Worn by celebrities such as Dannii Minogue, Halle Berry, and Angelina Jolie it has the endorsements of the 'A' lists while still retaining the price bracket that the masses can afford with typical pieces ranging from 50 to 100.

When asked, "what is your favorite piece", Nicola still stands by one of the first pieces she designed back in 2000, the 'tumble' bracelet, stating its simplicity is key to the range.

Lola Rose can be seen in many high street stores and across the web at places like QVC, JewelersWindow and even Amazon.

I wish Nicola the best of luck moving forward and am confident her pieces will continue to inspire and entice the public and accessorise the most glamorous of evenings.



Source by Steve Chadaway

Wind Power – The Ideal Power Source

Wind power: Nature and Origin

The solar radiations give birth to wind. These radiations heat up the surface of the planet earth, although in unequal proportions. This uneven heating follows as a direct result of the abrasive earth surface, rotational planetary movements as well as the continuously altering propensities of heat absorption of the different levels of the earth's atmosphere. The seas, oceans and vegetation types on earth play are important roles in this regard as well. As a result, some parts of the planet experience consistantly higher temperatures than certain other parts, all round the year.

For example, the poles of earth remain covered by snow and are always way colder than the warm equatorial regions. As a result of this phenomenon, air in the warmer parts grows lighter and less dense, and as such, begins moving in the upward direction. This creates a sort of vacuum in their place, which gets occupied rather quickly from the colder, denser, heavier air from nearby locations. Wind is defined as this movement process of air, and a form of kinetic energy is released from it. Modern technologies are made use of to acquire wind energy from this kinetic energy. The procedure of tapping and using wind energy to produce such outputs that can be used multiple number of times (like, electricity) is termed wind power.

Global usability of wind power

Wind is correctly described as the circulatory system of the entire earth. When sun rays reach the earth, the later gets heated up in an unequal fashion, due to rotational movements, uneven nature of earth's terrain, properties of the water bodies that differ from the vegetation-covered parts. The atmospheric levels of earth also vary in ability to absorb heat in its various layers. As a result of this unequal heating of the earth's surface, temperature differences remain between the earth's equator and the polar regions.

Air from the warmer parts of earth starts moving upwards. The void that created soon gets filled up by heavier air from the local cooler realms. Here, a redistribution of heat levels from the colder parts of the earth to the reliably warmer parts occurs. This process generates a form of energy. The latter can be used to produce electricity and / or mechanical energy (as the requirement might be). In fact, electricity produced from wind power resources make up approximately one per cent of the total worldwide supply of power forms.

There is a reasonable scope of more in-depth studies in topics surrounding wind power topics. However, usage of wind power has already become very popular all over the world. Germany, Denmark and America are the top three countries in terms of wind production. The recent past has indeed seen a spurt in the global usage of wind power.

The manner of working of wind power

Modern methods are used to tap and harness wind power, so that the latter can be converted into mechanical energy and electricity. The devices that generate mechanical energy from wind power resources are called wind mills. Wind turbines are the wind energy systems that convert wind power into electrical power. For realizing how wind power is exactly used, let us now look at the nature of the wind turbines. An average wind turbine has about two or three propeller blades, which are attached to a rotor.

A movable main shaft is used, to which the rotor, with its blades are fixed. The shaft is then attached to an electronic generator. When the latter starts to spin, electricity is produced. The blades of a wind turbine answer those in an airplane. Also, the most modern technologies, and the latest designs are used to manufacture of these turbines. Here, the latter can transform wind's kinetic energy to electric power. In keeping with the various uses that the wind turbines can be put to, they come with variable levels of power rating.

For example, a domestic home needs electricity that can be provided by a low powered turbine. However, for broad-based provincial an / or national application purposes, more electricity is required, and hence turbines with higher power ratings are needed. The power rating that any turbine has depends crucially on the speed with which wind moves across any particular region. This is in accordance with the law that, the amount of wind energy generated goes up with the velocity of the wind (raised to the power of 3). This immediately implies that, higher wind velocities would help in the production of more wind energy.

The effectiveness of wind power

Wind power systems use wind resources as their fuel. Now, wind is a free source of fuel that can be renewed as many times as wished for. As long as sun beats down on earth, no chances of exhaustion of wind stock …

LED Retrofit Kits And Their Benefits

Lighting cost is an area many people concentrate on especially when building. Everyone yearns for cheaper, more user friendly and environmentally friendly lighting options. Facility managers and even homeowners who are conscious about costs want modern solutions that still serve their purpose efficiently. LED retrofit kit make a very popular lighting solution for all. This is because the kit is long lasting, efficient and calls for minimal maintenance. The retrofit kits are popular options for both commercial and residential settings because of the following benefits.

1. The kits are energy efficient

Compared to conventional lighting systems such as incandescent bulbs, LED retrofit kits consume lee power with a huge percentage of high light output. The retrofits are therefore not only energy efficient, but also more economic. They make amazing choices for offices and showrooms among many other settings.

2. They are versatile

The LED retrofit kits can be used in a wide range of applications. They come in handy in offices, commercial buildings, garages and even homes. The kits are designed to fit almost any given place with illumination needs.

3. The kits are long lasting

The LED lights do not easily burn out compared to bulbs and fluorescent, they last thousands of hours thereby becoming an inexpensive lighting solution. The need to keep changing them every once in a while is eliminated.

4. The retrofit kits have exceptional dimming capacity

They offer maximum brightness immediately as compared to other lighting systems. In addition, you can easily regulate the brightness according to your demands and what you find most appropriate for the given setting. It means, therefore that you can still enjoy even lower energy use by dimming to the right levels.

5. They are free from UV rays and infrared

LED retrofit lights do not have ultra violet rays as compared to infrared rays and fluorescent tubes. They are free from UV transmission, thereby making the kits suitable for environments that are sensitive, such as museums, art galleries and archaeological sites.

6. They come with less maintenance needs

LED retrofit kit offer flawless lighting for years and there is no need for regular replacement. The kits are functional and do not require much maintenance to keep them functional as they are designed to do.

7. The kits do not flicker or make humming sounds

For this reason, the retrofit kits keep the lit area peaceful and quiet compared to conventional lights that keep flickering and make noise causing eyestrain and headaches because of these characteristics. An LED retrofit kits saves you from these annoying effects. When used in industries, the kits have shown to have positive effects on performance, wakefulness and mood.

LED retrofit kits come in different sizes and designs in that you can choose an option that suits your settings and lighting needs best. It is best that you get your kits from reputable suppliers for quality purposes to enjoy all the benefits they have to offer. There is so much to enjoy the energy efficiency.



Source by Jovia D'Souza

Dress Code for a Limo Chauffeur

A Chauffeur dress code is a set of rules controlling what garments may be worn by a limousine driver. These rules are determined by the limousine company that employs the driver. They may set preference colors for suits, provide some uniforms or specific clothes for the driver to wear. However, chauffeur dress code has some universal rules that must be followed if your employee does not say otherwise.

Let’s look at the chauffeur dress code and what items should be worn by a male chauffeur.

Neck: For corporate runs and night outs tie is optional. However, a tie is required for weddings, graduations and other formal occasions. Bow ties are acceptable but are unusual. The top button of the collar of the shirt must be done up.

Overcoat can be worn if weather requires. Do not put overcoat over a single shirt. Wear a suit or a dark jacket.

Suit Jacket: Plain black suits are the preferred option for most limo operators, but any good quality dark suit is suitable too. Your limo company may have a color preference for a suit.

Shirt: Collared dress shirt is a necessity. It must be clean and well pressed. White is the universally preferred color for weddings and graduations, and other special occasions. For night outs your chauffeur could be dressed in black elegant shirt too. Any good quality white / black shirt will look good and elegant. Avoid button down collars.

Pants: Suit Pants that must match the jacket. Of course, preference for black if not specified otherwise.

Socks: Black or the same color as your suit. If not, at least same darkness as the suit. No logos, images of prints should be visible.

Footwear: Dress Leather Pumps. Preferably black, laced up. Note: people sometimes judge you by your shoes. It is a good idea to invest in good leather shoes and clean them every day.

Rings: A wedding or engagement ring is always allowed. Other rings should be kept away.

Belt: Leather belt that match your suit. No big belt buckles with logos or symbols.

The purpose of chauffeur dress is to represent the company and to make your customers feel in good hands. By following this dress code you will look professional and trustworthy from the second you step out of the limousine. However, the chauffeur needs much more than only to follow the dress code to impress the customers. On the other hand, a good first impression always helps.



Source by Wiliam G. Johnson

Styling with Blazers, Jackets, and Cardigans

Styling with Blazers, Jackets, and Cardigans

When the cold weather sets in, you are probably scrambling to try to find something styling to keep you warm and look cute at the same time. It can be difficult to navigate the world of blazers, jackets, and cardigans, but there are several ways to style them that make them perfect for your style and warmth at the same time. Below are a few ways to style the three outerwear items that most people have in their closet right now. Here’s what you need to know.

Styling

Blazers

Blazers are a perfect way to dress up your outfits in the spring and fall when the weather is just starting to change. One way that you can wear a blazer in a fun way is by choosing a patterned option over a bright, solid dress. This blazer dress option is perfect for a day out shopping or a nice dinner with your friends. Another way to get the most of your blazers is by wearing a monochromatic outfit and pairing it with a solid blazer. This look is perfect for the office as well. You can even roll up the sleeves on a cardigan to create a new look for the spring and summer months as well.

Jackets

Jackets styling of all sorts are ideal for keeping you warm when the weather starts to cool down really. There are various types of jackets that are perfect for all sorts of outfits. If you have a leather jacket, you can easily dress it down by pairing it with a plaid shirt, skinny jeans, and ankle boots. You can dress up a leather jacket by pairing it with a loose-fitting dress and boots. You can wear denim jackets can with sundresses, jumpsuits, and more to dress them up or down. Roll up the sleeves on your jacket for a new twist on the look.

Cardigans

Cardigans are so cozy and warm that they are ideal for those cool fall nights when the weather dips down. This option is perfect for all sorts of outfits as well. For example, jeans can be dressed up with a light cardigan over a graphic tee. However, they can be dressy themselves when worn with a dress or skirt outfit. Cardigans are build from light material or thick and chunky threads. They can be worn any time of the year for a cute twist on your everyday outfits. Layers are always welcome with a cardigan. If you want something unique, try layering a tee with a chunky cardigan over the top.

Styling Conclusion

When the weather gets cool, it comes time to get out those jackets, blazers, and cardigans. While they can all be worn during other times of the year, they are especially prominent when the weather starts to chill. Knowing how to wear these items in your closet can be hard, especially if you aren’t a fashion guru. However, there are several ways you can rock your blazer, cardigan, and jacket this year. The best way to rock the look is by finding your unique style and going with it. Find fashionistas to follow and get inspiration from them.…

Sunglasses and Beach Volleyball

Your volleyball game can be easily derailed if you don’t have the right sunglasses. Anyone who has ever gone to the beach knows that the sand and the surf can make the sun really intense. With all that reflected glare, sunglasses are a necessity for anyone at the beach. And beach volleyball players are no exception.

To play volleyball at the beach you have to follow the path of a white ball in front of a white hot sun. And if you look down then you have to look for a white ball on white sand background. The glare of the sun reflected off of the sand can be particularly vicious for beach volleyball players. They also need eye protection when diving into the sand to get a dig and getting sand in their eyes.

The successful beach volleyball player knows that it’s a small investment in a quality pair of volleyball sunglasses that can make the difference between playing good and playing awesome. Even the occasional or recreational player can benefit from high-quality polarized sunglasses. The difference can really be quite stunning. You will be amazed at how much more in control you can be when you can easily see the trajectory of the ball without squinting. And how quickly you can react to the movements of the ball when you can actually see it without guessing where it might be going.

Beach volleyball sunglasses are not just for the upper-echelon players who want to advance to the next level. Sunglasses will, without any doubt, make the game more enjoyable for anyone who wears them. It’s simple: stop you from squinting will release the tension pressure in your facial and jaw muscles which in turn will help you avoid the headaches that come from staring too long at objects in the brightness of the sun.

By wearing polarized sunglasses you can further enhance your volleyball viewing while protecting your eyes from the harmful effects of the sun from both UV light and reflected light. When purchasing a pair of volleyball sunglasses always be certain that they have a UV coating and are sufficiently dark. Wrap-around style glasses are also good at stopping unwanted reflected light from entering your field of view from the sides. The lenses need to be large enough to cover your entire eye. Then it all comes down to your personal style and preference. Be certain that the sunglasses fit snug and securely to your face without being to tight. You want the glasses to help but not be a distraction to your play. If the lenses are close to your eyes, almost like goggles, you can also get the added benefit of preventing sand from getting in your eyes when you dive for the ball.



Source by Steve Wolfson

Why Do We Box?

Why do I box? I struggled to figure this out for years. Mainly because I wanted to put it to myself in a way that would sound cool to everyone else. I wanted a bullshit marketing spin that I could buy into and sell to the entire world. I ran from the truth because I wanted to believe that boxing was for everyone, that everyone could benefit from this beast of an activity. It took me a long time to get real with myself, and the truth hit me one day when I read something out of the Autobiography of Malcolm X. My favorite book of all time, btw.

In that book, Malcolm X takes a visit to Mecca, during that visit he meets a man who spits some logic on him that blows his mind, it goes like this, "You have never really believed in something, until you want it for your brother as much as you want it for yourself. " Bamn! there it is … let it sink in.

Honestly, I do not want boxing for everyone, I do not want it for my mother, my friends, the kid who plays piano 3 hours a day, and I certainly do not want it for the MBA student who does everything his parents ever told him to. In fact, I do not care who boxes and who does not, and that's because there are defect issues at stake. Namely, fear and self-worth, this is what's at stake, this is what I care about and so should you.

What is boxing? It is a medium for expressing yourself, it's a tool and a set of techniques for relating to another human being, and that's some classic Bruce Lee philosophy. It's one medium among many to overcome fear, to gain confidence, to prove what you are capable of, and to establish your self-worth. Boxing is a sport, it's also a form of combat, and in it lies the basic components of conflict that anyone trying to excel at something faces: 1) mastery over yourself, 2) mastery over your environment, 3) mastery over others.

This is what the CEO is doing, it's what the b-boy is doing, it's what the gold-digger is doing, it's what the painter is doing, and it's what you are doing every time you step in the ring. In boxing there are no liars, the truth finds you quickly, it's a high risk and high reward program for discovering what kind of man you really are. High reward because once you have put in the work, put in the time, earned the skills and conditioned your body to the best it can be, you know that you can walk down the street everyday for a week and not pass anyone who can do what you do. Boxing is also high risk, you face your fear when you fight, and at the same time there is still a lot of fear, it's not fear of pain, but fear of losing what you've gained, fear of losing your confidence and your status. Fear of being the nobody you were before you boxed. That's why you better learn to love yourself somewhere along the way, because this boxing shit is not gonna last forever.

The boxer always has a tough dilemma, we are always one punch away from being knocked down, and I mean way down, if you do not believe me just go ask Ricky Hatton. The boxer who takes calculated risks accounts props because we all have our time when that punch turns our fate. Props to Ricky Hatton, no matter what anyone has to say. Mike Tyson took his fate turning punches from Douglas, Holyfield and Lewis. Roy Jones took his from Tarver. Roberto Duran took his from Hearns, and Hearns took his from Barkley and Hagler. As fighters, active or not, we deserve recognition from ourselves for the risks taken to face our fears, to prove our self-worth, and to gain mastery.

So why do I box? Because the pain and discontent inside me would not have had it any other way.



Source by JT Van V

Sunglasses and Tips For Finding the Right Pair

Choosing the perfect pair of sunglasses is not as straightforward as it looks. Apart from the fact that there are literally hundreds of styles, colors and brands to make your choice from, you'll be looking for a pair that combines style with the ability to protect your eyes. Probably the best place to shop for sunglasses today is online, where the world is your oyster when it comes to the sheer number of sites you could purchase them from. Obviously the good old brick and mortar shops on the high street offer great ranges as well, but for pure choice, online is the way to go.

Virtually every brand of sunglasses is known to man can be purchased online. Online retailers offer well known brands such as Oakley, Ray Ban and Von Zipper, not so well known and even replica designs. Apart from selling sunglasses, some of these retailers also offer sunglass accessories such as protective cases, wiping cloths and cords, as well as related items such as ski goggles.

Without wanting to state the obvious, when purchasing sunglasses, a person has to make sure they buy a pair that suits them. Each individual has a different shaped face so sunglasses that may look good on one person, for example, may not look quite so good on someone else. Try and make sure you choose a pair that complements your facial shape, skin tone and hair color.

While on the topic of styles, think about frame colors as well. Frames come in a myriad of colors, from lights like yellow and orange to darks such as blacks and purples. Again, make sure you choose a frame color that is going to complement your complexion. The very fashion conscious will want to match sunglasses with different outfits they may own- if this is the case then you will need a few pairs of sunglasses in different frame colors. No mean task if we're talking designer sunglasses!

We must not forget that sunglasses were actually made to protect our eyes from harmful sun rays, not just as a fashion statement, so choosing a pair that offers ultra violet protection (100% protection is now the norm) is vitally important. UV rays have the ability to cause lasting or permanent damage to our eyes if we do not take precautionary measures while in the sun (or outside generally). A good pair of sunglasses that offers 100% UV protection may cost a little bit more but a little bit more is a small price to pay for the health and safety of our eyes!



Source by Anthony J. Carter