Sun Glasses

Sunglasses are a very good accessory for your otherwise already perfect outfit. However, adding adding style to your look, they also serve other functions. For one, they protect your eyes to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Exposing your eyes to harmful UV rays from sunlight has been known to cause the development of cataracts and the degeneration of a person's vision. Good quality sunglasses block all UV rays and protect your eyes from harm. Sunglasses also protect the skin around the eyes, which prevats aging aging and wrinkles.

Sunglasses also protect your eyes from other dangers. One of these dangers is glare. All surfaces reflect light, and some surfaces can cause an extremely bright glare. These reflections can be very distracting, even dangerous in some circumstances. Sunglasses reduce the glare and give you a more comfortable vision. Polarized sunglasses are particularly effective in reducing reflective glare.

Sunglasses can also reduce the headaches and eyestrain. In the eye, the pupil controls the amount of light that enters the retina. When there is little light, the pupil dilates to let light in. In bright light, the pupil constricts to protect the retina from too much light. There are times when it is extremely bright, but the pupil is not able to constrict enough to keep out the excess light. In this case, the person will resort to squinting. However, squinting strains the muscle surrounding the eyes, which causes fatigue. Pupil constriction and squinting can lead to headaches and eye strain. Sunglasses reduce the amount of light that can reach the eyes. As a result, the need to squint is eliminated. This will reduce the risk of headaches and eye strain caused by the sun.

Your eyes are a very important part of your body. You must do what you can to protect them from the harmful elements. Sunglasses are designed for your eyes' protection. Looking good is only part of their appeal.

Source by Jennifer Bailey

Gucci Sunglasses Review

When shopping for sunglasses, the number of options is seemingly unending. And that includes the manufacturer that you choose. But if you select a pair of Gucci sunglasses, you’ll be choosing one of the top brands in the market.

It all began over a century ago, in 1906. That’s when Guccio Gucci founded the “House of Gucci,” which was a saddle shop located in Florence, Italy. Gucci’s specialty was leather goods. The shop first produced leather bags for horsemen, and later made luxury luggage.

Since then, Gucci has significantly expanded its line of products, which now includes a full line of high-end sunglasses. The company’s sunglasses have become one of the industry’s benchmarks in terms of quality and style. Here are some tips for choosing the right sunglasses for your needs:

1. Set a budget.

Even though Gucci sunglasses are high-end, you can avoid spending your life savings on a pair. The key is to find the model that you fancy, and then find the right price. Compare prices from at least three stores, and compare more if you have the time and effort. Search online and offline, and leave no stone unturned.

2. Choose a pair that filters out some blue light.

Blue light can cause damage to your retina and can ultimately result in macular degeneration. If a blue sky appears grey, then a pair of Gucci sunglasses is successfully filtering out blue light.

3. Check for UV protection.

Look for sunglasses with both UVA and UVB protection. These types of ultraviolet rays have different wavelengths, though both can potentially harm your eyes. Also, verify that the sunglasses provide 99% or 100% protection. And remember that darker glasses don’t necessarily provide more UV protection.

4. Choose a frame shape that matches your face’s shape and head size.

Verify that the shape of the sunglasses frames complements the shape of your face. You should also consider the size of your head. If you have a round face, then you should choose long and thin frames. And if you have a square face, then you should choose styles that are soft and rounded in shape.

Also, match up a pair of frames, with your head. Small sunglasses complement small heads, while large sunglasses complement large heads.

5. Check for polarization.

This feature is particularly useful if you work and play outdoors. The polarization feature will help to reduce how much glare reaches your eyes, which will improve the effectiveness of the shades.

6. Choose the right lens color.

One of the best options is gray, since it doesn’t affect your color perception. Consider which lens hue provides you with enough comfort, and suits your personal preference. If you suffer from macular degeneration, then one of your best options is orange-brown.

7. Choose rugged sunglasses if you play sports.

You’ll need frames that are lightweight yet shatterproof, and plastic. This will protect both you and your eyes while playing your particular sport.

For over a century, the Gucci name has been producing quality products. These tips will help you to choose the right pair of Gucci sunglasses.

Source by Jason J Thompson

Five Secrets To Scoring Last Minute Hotel Deals

In a discussion about secrets and how they pertain to the travel industry, it is no secret that everyone wants to save money wherever they can. This is certainly the case with the big push in the industry to help uncover major last-minute hotel deals. Finding a place to stay can, in many cases, make or break our trips. Whether it is for business or for pleasure, if you happen to have a bad experience with a hotel, it taints the trip. If you just also happened to have paid a bit too much for the bad experience, it really gets the blood boiling.

The travel industry, as a whole, has been changing for the better part of the last three decades. According to travel experts, there once was a time when much of the travel industry was regulated by travel agents & agencies. While they did great work & were a reflection of their times, today’s travel industry is all about many options, low-cost, flexibility, and choice. The consumer-driven travel industry has made it to where even travelers waiting until the last-minute can actually book some tremendous savings that may not have even been possible about ten years ago.

Here are a few secrets travel gurus recommend if you’re looking to score big savings at the last-minute when booking a hotel room:

1. Combination Deals – If you’re looking to stay in a hotel, you probably need to travel. While some trips can work best if you drive, many people would rather fly to their destination & rent a car to move around town. Some of the best savings you can get group all of these options into one travel package, greatly bringing down the price. You do have to be persistent in searching for these deals, but they are out there.

2. Travel Websites – Part of the persistence needed to find great combo deals includes checking websites that specialize in travel savings. These sites put together the best deals from all over the internet, thereby saving you time, and ultimately money. You can also sign-up for email reminders & alerts for new deals coming through.

3. App Mania – Whether you work with iOS or Android, you are certainly familiar with the growing number of apps available to do just about anything. Look a little further, and you’ll find apps that are specific to finding incredible hotel booking deals especially for the procrastinator in all of us. With the right combination of alerts & having our mobile devices handy, finding a last-minute deal just got really easy.

4. Midweek Travel – Most travelers try to book on the weekends, which means they contend with everyone else trying to book during the weekend. Hotel industry insiders agree that by shifting your booking to during the week, you’re very likely to secure some serious savings on your hotel booking simply because hotels want to be sure to fill their rooms even if at a discount.

5. Off-Season Travel – In the same vein of traveling midweek, choosing to travel during a time of year when others aren’t can make for some big savings. This goes not only for hotel room reservations, but for just about all other modes of travel. This can be huge for those looking at combo deals.

Last-minute hotel deals are easy to come by than you think, but it’s important to note that as much as you’re playing the procrastinator, you also need to think critically in terms of how best to get the deals you want. With all of the options you have, casting a wide net & using technology to your benefit may be the best approach to getting the savings you want next time you book a hotel.

Source by Morris Raymond

Just What Is UV Protection On Sunglasses And Why Is It Important

Sunglasses are great in more ways than one. They can compliment your appearance while preventing you to have to squint while outside on a sunny day. But sunglasses are not simply a fashion accessory to be taken lightly. They are actually of major importance for protecting our eyes from the sun's UV rays which can lead to diseases of the eye when exposed to them over time.

The ultraviolet radiation element in sunlight is divided into two basic areas – UVA and UVB. Sunglasses block both of these types of rays. What exactly is UVA and UVB you ask? Well, UVA represents the ultraviolet radiation that passes through the Earth's ozone layer, reaches our skin and can lead to premature aging. UVB are also ultraviolet rays, but are absorb, in great amount, by the ozone layer. Still, they are very harmful and can contribute to the cause of skin cancer and cataracts.

The lenses of a pair of sunglasses should be dark enough to reduce the glare of bright light, but not so dark that they distort colors in objects, and obviously not so dark that they inhibit your vision. The point is that as long as the lenses are properly tinted, your eyes will be protected. You do not have to go 'crazy' looking for lenses that are so dark that they not only block out the sun's UV rays, but block out the actual sun itself.

The standard UV protectant level in the sunglass industry is UV400 – across the board – which protects the eyes from 98 per cent of the sun's ultraviolet rays. And statistics based on testing results from inexpensive sunglasses as compared to the more expensive brands show that even sunglasses in the $ 5 and below range, provide the same amount of protection as the more expensive variants. So, the good news is, you do not have to pay more for the best level of protection. And for those who wear prescription sunglasses, something else you might be interested in knowing is that the UV level is the same for both those and the store bought versions.

And for even further comfort and assurance, you may be happy to know that sunglass manufacturers have to follow certain FDA regulations. They have to comply with impact requirements – not saying that sunglasses must be completely shatterproof, but that they will at best, withstand a moderate impact. Sunglass manufacturers also have to follow labeling regulations. No doubt if you've ever bought a pair of sunglasses in your lifetime, you've had to peel that removable sticker off the front of one of the lenses either before you put them on or afterwards when you realize that something's obstructing your view.

They say you get what you pay for. Well, if you pay for a pair of sunglasses, you're paying for good eye health.

Source by Gray Rollins

How to Prevent a Skin Mole From Coming Back After Removal

When a person has undergone treatment for skin mole removal, he cannot set aside the fact that skin moles have the possibility of re-occurring. That is bad news to that person.

In order to prevent the re-occurrence of skin moles, there are things that you should keep in mind. First and foremost, the physician’s advice is always the best resort. Having good habits may be of great help. Self – discipline is the important driving force in this case.

The presence of skin moles is associated with direct and indirect sunlight. You should take the necessary precautions whenever your skin is exposed to sunlight. Sunlight can cause other skin problems like wrinkles aside from causing skin moles to appear.

We can classify sun rays into two namely ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B. These two can damage our skin and cause skin cancer. However, ultraviolet A is less harmful rather than the latter type of ray.

Some of us believe that skin damage due to sun exposure is typically evident during summer. But what we did not know is that prolonged exposure to winter sunlight is as harmful as the summer’s. In fact, the sun’s rays during winter can be more dangerous. The living proof is the skiing enthusiasts.

Being underneath the water can lessen the harmful effects of direct sunlight to our skin. But it is not a good alternative as compared to other methods of skin protection.

Sunlight can reach our skin through the clouds in the open sky. Research shows that up to 80% of sunlight is received through clouds or water.

Due to rampant pollution in the world that causes global warming, one always has the danger of getting skin problems whenever he goes outside. Medical experts say that between 10:00 in the morning and 3:00 in the afternoon the sun’s rays are very harmful and are not healthy to our skin so avoid going out during these hours of the day. If you really need to go outside in important circumstances, do not forget to apply sunscreen. Look for sunscreen with at least a sun protective factor of 30 or simply SPF 30.

Remember, it can be easily removed by water or sweat so apply it evenly and diligently. Even though clouds are present in the sky, it is not an assurance that we can escape the negative implications of direct sunlight to our skin.

Always remember to bring an umbrella when going outside to do outdoor activities. Wearing long sleeved- clothes, long pants, and a large hat is also an effective alternative. Cotton fabrics are recommended because they can deflect the heat caused by the sun’s harmful rays. Sunglasses which offer protection against direct sunlight can be also an option. You can always look fabulous and fashionable without sacrificing your skin’s health.

Being aware of these facts can save you from a lot of trouble especially when it comes to your skin health. Make it a habit to apply sunscreen. Teach the children to do the same in order to protect their skin from the harmful rays of sun.

Source by Manisha Kumar

Ultra Violet Rays – Business Women's Guide to Fashion

The Color Purple is a famous literary work, movie and Broadway play. Professional women are using this dynamic color to set the stage for a captivating and elegant entry in to the business arena. Fashion has rules and limits but modern professional women are finding ways to enhance their professional look, style and appeal to make the work place a more chic environment.

Listed below are ways that you can use this color to shine at any business or social event.

Purple Reign

The color purple is not just a jeweled toned shade that can match almost any skin tone and physical complexion. The color has great meaning that can build confidence and improve your overall appeal. Purple is a mixture of reds and blues which create a sense of mystic and royal qualities. It is often used by nobility and rich people as a symbol of wealth and extreme social status. This color also evokes spirituality and creativity as well as calmness and balance.

Purple Power

Although we do not recommend wearing a purple suit to work. There are clever and fun ways to incorporate purple into your professional wardrobe for a stylish and fashionable appeal. Women can wear purple blouses and belts with their suits and business casual attire. Pins and hair pieces in purple are also acceptable for any work environment. Women should match basic suits in navy, black or gray with purple accessories. Purple accessories can include purple toned jewelry in earrings, necklaces and bracelets. Professionals women should limit their jewelry to five simple pieces. Purple handbags and shoes are also acceptable depending on company dress code and profession or industry guidelines.

Face Value

Women can also wear purple toned make-up to brighten their faces and look stunning. Soft subtle purple eye shadows and lip balms or lip glosses can highlight the face and make any woman sparkle in the business arena. Women should always be cautious of how they apply their make-up and present themselves in formal business settings. The goal is to look professional and not as though you are going to an over the top party or a Hollywood photo shoot.

Source by Chi Chi Okezie

The Moon Is Not For Sale by Wallace Provost – Book Review

Land, Society and How Things Could Be

Annabelle Taylor (Annie) and Clint Baker are thrown together in the middle of an asteroid shower on the Moon. Lunar City, for the moment, is in chaos, offering only very cramped, bored and squalid conditions until the next shuttle arrives in two weeks time. Annie is only a temporary worker on the Moon having gone there to pick up easy credits for her law degree, but Clint is a “Luney”, that is, he was born on the moon. Clint decides it is best to take Annie with him to his family home, Moondogy Ranch, which is a few days drive away by very rough road. The ranch is located in a huge cavern, which is sealed off from the outside to protect it against the solar radiation and the extremes of temperature. Annie feels stirrings of emotion for Clint, but her plans for her life do not include being a farmer’s wife, much less one who lives on the Moon. Annie is a Cherokee Indian and very much intends to become a lawyer so she can advance the standing of her people. What direction will Annie’s life take, and indeed what direction will events in the pioneer Looney civilization take?

The Moon Is Not For Sale is Wallace Provost’s first novel and is a very amiable book, full of adventure. It is written in the hard science style, which is to say it is based on science fact, current science theory and logical projections from today’s widely held science concepts. Provost holds a Masters Degree in the philosophy of science, and a second Masters in sociology. Not surprisingly the novel also contains speculations about the nature of society and the possibilities of future societies. At its heart this is a book for those who like to imagine and dream, and for those who like people.

Provost’s novel is very much about frontier life on the Moon and suitably the style has a hint of the back-woods, fire-side tale. The voice is very chatty and we feel we are perhaps listening to our uncle or grandfather tell us about people he knows. Each new character, for example, is introduced by a short yarn which reveals something of their history and personality. This helps to make the book warm and friendly and we immediately feel at home. Along the way there are several surprise endings which spur us to read on. There are occasional moments of real irony, such as the “jungle drum music” (p. 153) in Chapter 18, where patrons of the “Haven of Evil” lasciviously prepare to watch a truly gratuitous spectacle. This very much contrasts with the previous chapter in which Kwame Nkuomo, a Gahanna engineer, beats his jungle drum while remorsefully contemplating the terrible consequences of a failed project which he helped to initiate. The philosophical ethics of the first chapter bitingly contrasts with the degradation of the next.

This book has an unusual plot structure. The first half of the novel follows Annie as she rises in the world and has to deal with various complications, such as a possible romance with Clint and even a plot to kill her. In the second half of the book the plot diverges into various stories, many of which are centred on the development of the moon colony. We read of, for example, the establishment of a number of new settlements. In this second half there is still a plot line related to Annie, however, she does not take centre stage. One criticism of Provost’s book is that this second half is unnecessarily repetitive. There is, for example, a second attempt to kill Annie. In the first half Black Horse Jones, Cherokee Indian ‘big man’ and Annie’s long standing enemy, is the individual who wants Annie dead. In the second half Injun Joe Bristow, also a Cherokee Indian ‘big man’, is the assassination schemer. Once again in the first half we read the story of the establishment of the city of Inyanga by dispossessed Zulus. In the second half of the book we read of the establishment of Helium City by Indians from the slums of Mumbai, and then again the story of the establishment of the village of Xi Hue by oppressed immigrants from Tibet. This is basically the same plot idea repeated. Finally in the second half we read the three stories of Mike Riggs, Monty Wilson and Art Anderson, all of who are temporary immigrants to the moon and all of who meet and marry Indian ‘Luneys’ in Helium City. These stories come in so close proximity that we cannot help noticing the repetition. A related problem to this is that, without Annie taking centre stage, there is less to tie the various plot developments together. As a result this …

Mozambique Scuba Diving Destinations

Vibrant coral reefs are scattered all over the sea bottom in the close vicinity of the very protected launch site and varies from only a few meters to over 40 meters deep and therefore cater for the beginner as well as the advanced diver! This is the divers chance to indulge him / herself in coral reef diving "par excellence" and to experience the sight of huge Mata rays, whale sharks, awesome moray eels, vicious game fish, massive potato basses and more! Nowhere else in Mozambique are Mantas so common and it is no wonder that the Inhambane coast is softly being called, the "Manta Coast"!

Cresh

Average Depth = 7 Meters Maximum Depth = 10 Meters

Scenery = the house reef is shallow enough for snorkelling but also great for a shallower dive. With the sun shining from above it is an excellent site for underwater photography. This reef consistors of scattered rock formations, rather flat with sand patches in between.

Marine & Coral Life = Cresh reef has just the right name because there is juvenile fish where you look. The larger variations are present but it is the young ones that draw the attention. In the holes and under the rock crevices there were a lot to keep you busy for example Puffer fish, Blue Spotted Ray, Octopus, Pepper Eels and even a couple of Stone fish made their appearance. Lizardfish, Boxfish, Clown Triggerfish and all the other tropical reef fish seen in the warmer Mozambican water.

The coral consoles more of Staghorn coral, lots of Porous corals, Sea sponges and colorful Anemones were ever present. You could wile away the time just drifting and watching the fish behaviors. This is really a very nice dive on a hot summers day.

Mike's Cupboard

Average Depth = 12 Meters Maximum Depth = 15 Meters

Scenery = This reef is flat with big holes and in these holes are small caves, overhangs and even a few arches with swim throughs. Some parts of the reef looks like boulders stacked on top of each other with sand patches in between. Marine & Coral Life = Mike's cupboard is really a true description if that is everything that can be kept there. This is really a busy place with schools of Blue banded Snappers, Coachmen, Angelfish, Trumpet fish, Kingfish and Tuna passing by. In the holes itself is found a brown Paper fish hiding behind a rock so no one would see him. Others that camouflaged themselves just as well were the Scorpion fish, Crocodile fish and Lizardfish. The Octopus changed his colors so quick that we almost lost sight of him moving into a hole. In the small caves we found a whole lot of Banded Shrimp moving around, there was a big Puffer fish hiding from everyone, a very shy creature. The coral on this reef consistors of Whip coral in various colors, beige Fleshy soft coral, purple and white Thistle soft coral and lots of Lobed soft coral. Plate coral, Porous coral and Smooth-horned corals was also seen through the dive. This was a very nice dive for the inquisitive diver.

Giants Castle

Average Depth = 21 Meters Maximum Depth = 32 Meters

Scenery = This reef consist of a big wall almost 4 meters high with drop-off's that leads to sandy areas. All along this wall is a ridge that is rich in marine and coral life. Big rock formations add to the scenery of this reef.

Marine & Coral Life = Diving this reef was really a very nice experience, with a great variety of tropical fish to be seen. A rare Weedy Scorpion fish made his appearance and was amazing how it blended in with the surroundings. This reef has a great variety of starfish species. Big Green coral trees where Goldie's and Long nose Hawkfish hide from the predators. On the plateau Manta Rays surprise you with a graceful pasture in flight. Under the ledges are Dancing Durban Shrimp waiting to perform their cleaning duties. In the crevices and hollows there are Triggerfish and different species of Moray Eels. On this reef the coral is mostly untouched, from Porous corals to different species of Hard and Soft corals in a variety of colors and textures. Always keep an eye out in the midwater for game fish passing by. A nice dive for the Advanced Diver.

Grotto's

Average Depth = 12 Meters Maximum Depth = 15 Meters

Scenery = This part is next to Mike's Cupboard but just a larger version. Still a flat reef but just more and bigger hollows in the reef itself. In these hollows are pinniclelike rock formations as well as ledges that form overhangs. Sand patches can be found on the bottom of most of these hollows. The hollows reminded …

Yoga Is not Stretching

If we look at the purpose of yoga and understand it in its spiritual context, we could distill it as 'opening the body, at the physical and subjective levels'. In this process of opening what is held within these different levels, the holding and in fact what creates the holding itself, is released. This process of the release through opening is in yogic terms purification. There is no way shape or form by which this process can be equated with stretching.

Stretching does not transform. As the word implies implicitly it is simply a forced lengthening. If we look at asana practice in this way the consequence of stretching will of course result in greater flexibility. This type of flexibility however requires perpetual stretching to be maintained. Because there is a force in stretching the natural response of the body is to retract again once that forces is removed with the same amount of force as was applied. This is a basic law of physics.

It is possible that through stretching, the body can be reshaped, the muscles and tendons lengthened. But if we compare this effect to the purpose of yoga, then the purpose is not achieved. Doing yoga by stretching will also have benefits, but they will be limited and short term. Yoga classes where you are exhorted to pushed to the limit, and then some, may leave you in a state of sweaty exhilaration, but like any high you come down. If this was what yoga was really about, then gymnasts and ballerinas, would be yogis and yoginis.

My yoga teacher in Rishikesh continuously warned a naturally flexible student that her flexibility was a barrier to her practice. He also used to say that there were two ways to we could do asana practice. One way was the way of force, which which I am including stretching. He described the way of force as using a sledgehammer. The second way he described as using a chisel, and a hammer. He said the chisel was awareness the hammer was intelligence. Awareness takes consciousness into the body and intelligence follows it and directions it. As I have written Elsewhere what the body holds is the contents of our subconscious. Obviously this means that we do not have conscious awareness of what is held. Yoga as a process of opening and releasing is then the discovery and making conscious what our subconscious holds in our body.

We live in a fast paced got to have it now culture. Sledgehammer yoga may elicit fast results, but the possibility of injury can be attested to by many. If conscious awareness was there could injury occur? I think not.

What then is opening and how do we do it? Well first of all, as what is held in the body is not conscious, it must become conscious, which essentially means we have to discover it. This discovery requires us paying a lot of attention while doing asana, the first 'union' is between awareness and body, then awareness body and breath.

Holding is by definition a contracting. Opening then is a letting go of the holding / contracting that is unconsciously occurring. It is the creation of spaciousness in the body. On a practical level it looks like this. We must in any asana find and not pass the boundary of our bodies capacity. Then we slightly withdrew from that boundary – just a little. Then we breath into the area where we find our boundary. Inhalation is definition expansion, so we breathe space into the boundary of holding. Then as we exhale we direct awareness into the space we have just breathed open, and we keep doing this over an dover again.

This is asana as a meditation practice. This is yoga as an ongoing relationship of discovery with yourself. To practice this way takes patience, perseverance and courage. Courage because sooner or later you will start meeting the portions of yourself you probably did not even remember or know where there. Parts in pain, in darkness. In practicing this way, it is slower in terms of 'results' from the external view, but the results will last forever and you are fulfilling the age old addition to all spiritual practitioners "know yourself".

Source by Ray Baskerville

Cockpit System

A cockpit system is on every aircraft, without a cockpit a pilot would not have a spot to sit to fly the plane. Or you can look at it from a different perspective and say that a cockpit is anywhere on an aircraft that is engineered for a pilot to control flying the plane. Traditionally the cockpit is found in the front of the aircraft, which is also known to instructors and pilots as the flight deck area, controlled from a pilot on the ground and in the air. The essential controls in the cockpit or flight deck are; MCP, PFD, ND, EICAS, FMS / CDU and also the back up instruments.

In order from the list above first is the MCP, which is short for Mode Control Panel, can be used to control Heading, Speed, Altitude, Vertical Speed, Vertical Navigation, and Lateral Navigation of the aircraft. This can also be used to give the pilot a little rest once he or she reaches their desired altitude by engaging the autopilot, or to make changes that are set after his or her rest by disengaging the autopilot.

Next is the PFD, which is short for Primary Flight Display and in most cases will include a digitized view of the altitude indicator, air speed and altitude indicators also the vertical speed indicator. The Primary Flight Display can also be used as a tool for military which the engaged and armed auto-flight system modes will be present along with some type of indicator values ​​for altitude, speed, vertical speed and heading.

Also as listed is the ND, short for Navigation Display known to be adjacent to the Primary Flight Display. This shows the route map and information, current wind speed and wind direction just like your typical GPS but trust me this way way more high-tech. as it should be meet the complicated needs of the pilot.

Now the FMS, which is short for Flight Management System is used for the pilot to check the Flight Plan, Speed ​​Control, Navigation Control, plus much more that can be found in the FAA handbooks that is provided on our website for FREE.

Last but not least considering it is probably the most important cockpit instrument giving an emergency situations since and since they are the most horrific situations especially since you are on the instruments so much, where as for example a car, the RPM and MPH are not really needed to drive, even though they do help to indicate when you are a few MPH over the speed limit to not get a ticket, they are not needed as mandatory as an aircraft instrument panel controls are because if a control goes out the pilot is pretty much screwed, especially if it is a pilot who is not advanced, very scary.

Well engineers have thought this through and have figured out that without a back-up instrument panel the pilot has a greater chance at crashing than not measuring the important factors that are needed to land the aircraft even if the pilot is getting assistance via the CV radio , which is really scary.

Source by Rawicha Brown

Winning Roulette Against All Odds

Charles DeVille Wells was said to be “The Man Who Broke the Bank in Monte Carlo.” An enduring mystique has grown around this story even inspiring a song about it. It was also said that he accomplished this feat using the “Labouchere” or Cancellation System. It’s hard to say how much truth there is to the legend, but I do know this is an insidious little system that seems to win on balance until a long series of unfavorable decisions creates a catastrophic loss. Wells died broke in 1926.

Roulette is one of the simplest of all casino games but holds a remarkable fascination for it’s followers. The crudest recorded versions date back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. The modern game we know today began in France in the 1800’s. The name Roulette is a French word meaning “little wheel.”

In England a variation of the game was called E O (stood for even/odd) and in the 1800’s America’s wild west saloons they played another variation of a wheel game called Faro.

The European version of roulette is designed with 36 numbers and a single 0. With an odds payout of 35 to 1 the house percentage is vastly more favorable than the double zero wheel that is used on this side of the Atlantic.

With the single zero wheel and a feature called “en prison,” the house percentage is 2.7%. When the zero appears, all wagers on the outside of the table(odd/even, red/black, high/low) are not lost and remain on the table for the next spin or the player has the option to forfeit half his bet. These features reduce the casino’s percentage to 2.7% and on even money wagers it is further reduced to 1.35%.

Roulette in American casinos employs a zero/double zero on their wheel and is a world apart from the European ones. Using the 0/00 added to the 36 numbers increases the casino’s advantage to 5.26% which is why the game enjoys much greater popularity in European casinos than it does here in the U.S. The payoff on winning bets are the same, 35 to 1, the negative house percentage is double.

Despite the increased house edge against the player, there are still some advantages to playing roulette. First, it can be a very relaxing game and provides a nice diversion from some of the more serious table games. It can be an enjoyable way to pass the time.

Secondly, since it is a game with a low expectancy of a winning outcome, it can be played with very low table minimums or starting capital.

This is not to say that it is impossible for the intelligent player to win playing roulette. On the contrary, compared to wagering on slot machines or the BIG 6 wheel where the percentages range from 10% on certain machines, to as high as 18% against the player it is by far a better bet.

Although I regularly hear the “experts” say that the roulette wheel cannot be beaten, that the player is guaranteed to lose, I cannot help but to disagree. Losses do occur at times, but on balance, I have been a net winner my entire life. If it can’t be beaten, how is that possible?

In the 40 years I have spent gambling in casinos I have experimented with a wide variety of playing and betting methods. Some of these methods were marginal at best, but some that I’ve used were excellent performers. The long odds payoffs on the inside layout (the numbers) combined with a disciplined wagering system have the ability to produce exceptional results.

Although I agree that in the “long run” no system can overcome a negative expectancy, it is in the “short run” that the player must exercise the discipline to always quit when winning.

The game lends itself nicely to even money wagering on the outside of the table layout and most “up as you win” wagering systems tend to also be profitable when combined with reasonable expectations.

My problem with the “experts” regarding roulette is that they look at the negative house percentage and quickly dismiss it as a game that cannot be beaten. Their real life casino gambling seems to be either very limited or possibly nonexistent. My own personal experience is in sharp contrast.

The player’s advantages are clear. The low capital requirements make it ideal as a low risk venue. The pace is leisurely and the rules uncomplicated with low table minimums. There are playing strategies that will, in the short run, give the player the opportunity for very attractive gains.

These are a few of the rules that must be followed to be successful playing roulette.

1. Familiarize yourself with the correct playing and betting systems.

2. Do not vary from these playing methods by betting …

The History of The Modern Horse

This is the first of several articles, tracing the history of the horse, as we know it, from the mists of antiquity, to modern times from research, the horse was known to the Aryans.

First, we shall, as a preamble, present a condensed version of the horse; then cover its fascinating history in depth.

The horse, is one of the most useful and intelligent of domestic animals, belonging to the same class as the ass and zebra. Distinguished from other animals by their single hoofs, the senses of the horse are very acute, and its faculties of observation and memory are highly developed. A place once visited seems never to be forgotten. With patience and kind treatment it can be trained in many directions, and is one of man's most useful servants in peace, or war, in days of yore.

It dates back to a very early period, figures of horses cut on bones having been found in cave dwellings, and in the Swiss lake dwellings. In Script references, it is always connected with warfare. The war horses of the Britons are described by Caesar. Horses were introduced from Spain by the early English kings, and James II. imported the first Arabian horse. The horse is found wild in central and western Asia, and in North and South America, especially in the latter, great herds being found on the plains of Buenos Ayres, which are thought to be the descendants of horses brought into the country by the Spaniards .

The horses from Arabia, Barbary and Turkey are all called Arabian horses, and the modern race horse has come from these breeds. The American horses are of no distinct class, but those those of England. The carriage horse, charger or war horse, dray horse, hunter, race horse and pony are different varieties of domestic horses. The race horse is most highly developed in England, where horse racing has been popular since the 10th century, when Hugh Capet, in return for the hand of King Athelstan's sister, sent a present of several "German running horses."

The fastest time made in England, at the beginning of the twenty first century was one mile in one minute, forty-three seconds.

In America most horse races were trotting instead of running matches, and a fast time would bes one mile trotted in two minutes and four seconds, and one mile paced in the same time. A horse has six different gaits, the walk, the trot, the pace, the amble, the canter and the gallop.

Horse lovers will be horrified to learn that, up to the early part of last century, horses were often eaten by humans. Hopefully, this barbaric habit will soon die out. The consumption of horses for food in mainly somewhat backward countries, such as Japan, France, Italy and Belgium and other parts of Europe.

America is, even now, considering the banning of horse meat, from export.

This from 'Save the Horses', at http://www.savethehorses.com/faqs.html:
"Yet every year, a hundred thousand horses bred in the United States are purchased and slaughtered in the United States for human consumption in foreign countries. American horses have been slaughtered here and sent to the countries of Japan, France, Italy and Belgium since 1986 "

However, horse lovers, wherever you might live, should not lower your collective guard and take note of the following, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Action, by everyone and everyone of you, is needed now. Read on:

"Horse meat has had some of a resurgence in popularity in Europe and Canada in recent years, as horses are not susceptible to BSE (mad cow disease). meat.

Horse is commonly ateen in many countries in Europe and Asia. It is a taboo food in anglophone countries such as the United Kingdom, the US, and Australia; it is also taboo among the Romany people and in Brazil. It is illegal in some places.
In many Islamic countries horse meat is generally considered clean but not halal, that is, permissible to eat, but not ideal. There are many instances, especially wars and famine, when horses were slaughtered and ateen by Muslims.

Like lobster and camel, it is forbidden by Jewish dietary laws and some Christian denominations. In 732, Pope Gregory III began an effort to stop the pagan practice of horse eating, calling it "abominable". His edicts are based on the same scripture as the Jewish prohibitions. The people of Iceland allegedly expressed commitment to embrace Christianity for some time, largely over the issue of giving up horse meat "

Source by Ray Cunningham

The Sweet Sound Of Vinyl Records

When I was a kid growing up, vinyl records were the primary source used by music lovers to listen to their favorite songs. Eight tracks had been going out of style fairly rapidly and the latest trend was the cassette tape. Even with the passing of the eight tracks and the emergence of the cassette tape, many music lovers still kept with traditional vinyl records for their listening pleasure.

We have certainly come a long way since those heady days of vinyl records. Compact discs (CDs) are all the rage today, and with good reason. The sound quality is truly pure and clear, and you almost feel as if you are in a sound-proof room when you focus your listening solely on the CD player. The clean, crisp sound that comes out is a huge improvement from the vinyl records that crackled as they played.

However, it is that crackling sound that is only offered by the vinyl records that I find so appealing. There is something about that sound that is so neat & even soothing to listen to especially when I’m in a nostalgic mood. Perhaps it is due to the crackling sound which is tied so closely to the songs I loved when I was a child. I simply cannot separate the two.

I actually took notice of my love for that unique antique sounds of the crackling vinyl records by accident. A really good friend of mine had offered to be the disc jockey for my wedding without charge. Of course I did not refuse the kind wedding gift. However there was a catch. My friend played only vinyl records, nothing else.

This was certainly not a problem for me. I had wanted to skip all of the trendy pop-chart music of today and focus on older dance music and classic songs available on vinyl records. My friend started playing dinner songs at the reception. He chose classic Irish music during the wedding meal.

The whole reception hall had kept silent during the prayer. And once the prayer had ended, the DJ slowly placed the needle on the record and the quiet room began filling up with soft crackling sounds followed by lovely Irish music. The transition was magnificent and the memory of the moment the crackling sounds overtook the reception hall still gives me chills. You simply can not replicate that with a compact disc.

Technologically, we have come a long way when it comes to music. However, we should not completely let go of the little gems from our past. The haunting sounds of the crackling vinyl records help us truly touch the past even if for just a moment.

Source by Glen B. Porter

The Pimp and the Prostitute – Modern Day Slavery

A prostitute is a person (mostly women), who offer their body for sexual pleasure to another in exchange for money. A pimp is a person who looks for customers for prostitutes. Pimps are known to be cunning, ruthless, mean and extremely controlling. What is the relationship between the pimp and the prostitute when it comes to the current systems of governance?

1. Once enslaved labor was abolished, southern landowners replaced it with a system called?

So, let us go back into history and dig a few facts that may shock you. After the slavery was abolished, General Shermans ordered that all the freed slaves be given 40 acres of land. Out of the 4 million, only 30,000 families got land. Later, President Johnson demanded that all parcels of land under federal management should be given back to their former owners. The former slaves were left with no choice other than sharecropping. This was a system whereby the freed slave was allowed to rent a piece of land and share the proceeds with the land owner.

2. Modern day slave masters in America.

It is the highest level of hypocrisy to hear how USA yaps the loudest about freedom yet it is among the top countries where modern slavery thrives. There are millions of blacks and other minority groups in America who are languishing in poverty because of greedy rich employers. Poor working conditions, poor payments, lack of job securities and sheer unfairness are some of the common vocabularies among the black Americans. Remember the pimp and the prostitute analogy we talked about earlier?

3. Modern day plantations in America.

Blacks have few options left for them which leaves them with no choice but to break their backs trying to earn a third of what their counterparts earn. It is laughable how America parades itself as the world policeman while there is so much rottenness in its backyard!

4. Modern day sharecropping in United States.

Need I highlight here that for you to get the right piece of land; you must promise the landowner a certain amount of crop? Remember, he calls the shots and you will give him nothing less what he demands. Since you are desperate, you will give in to his demands. The landowner (government/cruel corporations/employers) is mean and cruel. He dictates your earnings and how much tax you should pay.

5. How corporations control our society.

As corporations grow, they become influential and powerful. They dictate who comes to power, how they should govern and choose which laws to enact. In some cases, blacks are oppressed by people they did not even vote for.

6. How some employers abuse their employees.

In the past, employees experienced growth in all levels of their lives. However, in the recent past, employees have faced tough working conditions in the hands of rigid and unyielding employers. Many blacks and minority groups have fallen prey to these unscrupulous employers.

7. Will 15 dollars an hour really kill your jobs?

The argument has been that if the wages are raised the country will face huge job cuts. But research by two economists; David Card along with Alan Krueger shows that the opposite is true.

There is a huge correlation between the pimp and the prostitute when it comes to the American system. Pimps know how to make prostitutes feel loved and take care of emotionally and financially. Once the target person has been “boxed”, they revert back to their callous nature. By this time the person is already trapped in the dark world. This is what the American system has been. Although you may not know when you are getting into their “box”, after the system has you hostage it becomes ruthless. It forces you to pay social security, medicare, federal taxes, property taxes among others. Worst of all, you are not allowed to leave the country with the properties you have acquired. Isn’t USA great?!!!

Source by Ranches Lee Hall

The Health Benefits of Sunglasses

Did you realize sunglasses protect you from more than cataracts? There are several significant benefits to wearing sunglasses every time you go out into sunlight.

DRIVING GLARE

Sunglasses with 100% UV tinting cut down on glare from reflected sunlight. This reduces squinting (and the wrinkles it causes), and can prevent certain migraines and headaches brought on by bright light. But the real benefit comes when you’re driving: glare from a road can temporarily blind drivers. UV tinted sunglasses allow you to avoid this potential hazard. And you don’t have to choose dark lenses: pale amber or other light colors work just as well to prevent glare, as long as they are 100% UV tinted.

BLOW DRYING YOUR EYES

Wind and air conditioning can dry out your eyes, causing discomfort, redness, itchiness and soreness. In cars, air conditioning often feels best when it’s blowing near your face – and that means into your eyes. Wearing sunglasses – even when it’s not sunny – cuts down on the effects of air blowing directly into your eyes.

CATARACTS

Don’t forget cataracts – one of those ailments you don’t really think about until it’s too late. Long term excessive exposure to UV rays can cause cataracts in your eyes. Symptoms include blurred vision, light sensitivity, double vision, needing brighter light to read, and fading of colors. Wearing sunglasses regularly can prevent or slow the development of cataracts, so it’s never too early to start.

Source by Jesse Rows

Buying Sunglasses for Yourself

Here's a fact- over $ 2.5 million was spent in USA alone to purchase 270 million sunglasses. You might be a traffic cop, a student, a banker, or a biker, but those cool shades have become a part of you. Often times, sunglasses are bought because they look 'cool'. With brands like Bausch & Lomb, Vuarnet, Oakley, Killy, Hobie, Serengeti and many more, offering sunglasses in all shapes, sizes, colors and designs … who can blame you? The trend has done on and it looks like it is here to stay.

In all seriousness, sunglasses should be bought with the aim of protecting your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. When sunlight that is reflected of snow or sand hits your eyes you could get a case of 'snow blindness'. In worse case scenarios, ultraviolet radiation can cause permanent retina damage and cataracts. UV rays can affect you even when you are not standing in broad daylight. These rays can come through even on a cloudy day. People who have a history of cataracts and retinal dystrophies should be extra careful to use suitable sunglasses.

Different people buy different sunglasses depending on their occupation, style, gender and general fancy. For example, people involved in high-impact sports may opt for the Polycarbonate lens, which does not shatter easily. Polarized sunglasses are chosen for those who love water sports because it takes care of the glare factor. Mirrored glasses are also a hot favorite for people skiing the slopes or swimming.

If you need to buy a pair, do not judge the sunglasses by its price. An expensive pair may not protect your eyes but will only give you a glamorous look. When buying sunglasses it is wise to make sure that they have a UV coating. Also note if the brand tells you to what amount it blocks UV rays. Ideally UV rays should be blocked 99% to 100%. Mirror coated sunglasses look very trendy, however, not all mirror-coated glasses block harmful UV rays. Gradient tints also look fashionable and come in two varieties- single gradient and double gradient. Each is used for a different purpose but does not protect you from UV rays unless it has a UV coating.

Today's market offers wrap around sunglasses, which allow complete protection for your eyes especially from wind and debris. Photochromic sunglasses adjust the darkness and light depending on the light outside, but could take about thirty seconds to adjust accordingly.

You can choose from a wide selection of sunglasses that come in different colors. Years ago, black was considered the standard and it is still very popular. With designer sunglasses sporting the stands, you now have reds, greens, blues, yellows and several other shades. The sunglasses you choose could be dependent on your social circle and personal preference. Some people believe dark black sunglasses will protect your eyes. It will not without it has a UV coating, which happens to be colorless. If you already wear glasses you could get your doctor to prescribe prescription sunglasses or you could opt for photochromic glasses.

Source by Kirk G Bachelder