Abortion Methods – Learn 7 Different Types Of Abortion

Spontaneous, Herbal and Induced are the three general methods of abortion. Although it is not that popular or necessary in this modern era but there is a method known as self-inflicted abortion also. Most of the people do not consider self-inflicted abortion to be among the major methods.

In self-inflicted abortion a a sharp object such as a coat hanger is inserted into the cervix of the expecting mother. This method is known to be extremely dangerous or deadly and is not at all reliable.

One of the oldest method of abortion is herbal abortion which is also not considered very safe. The result of Herbal abortion is sometimes only a sick pregnant woman. It is not much different from the worse self-inflicted abortion. Over hundreds of years, several herbs are used to carry on herbal abortion. These herbs use to be silphium, birthwort, black cohosh, pennyroyal, tansy etc. of which some are now extinct. It also include modern day herbs that some people use daily such as juniper, lavender, parsley, thyme, marjoram and dill. Such herbs are termed as abortifacient or simply the herbs that can cause abortion.

However, surgical methods are the most commonly used abortion methods these days. Doctor may initiate one of the three surgical procedures to initiate abortion at an early term. The three surgical procedures followed for abortion are:

1) Manual Vacuum Aspiration or MVA- In MVA method a syringe is used to suction out tissue which causes abortion

2) Electric Vacuum Aspiration or EVA- In an EVA method an electric pump is used to suction the tissue out.

3) Dilation and Curettage or D&C- Once the cervix of the pregnant woman has been opened, sharp curette is used to clean the uterus walls.

4) Dilation and Evacuation or D&E- In this method the uterus is cleaned by the use of instruments and suction once the cervix of the pregnant woman has been opened.

5) Hysterectomy Abortion- Hysterectomy Abortion is related to the cesarean section to terminate a pregnancy.

6) Controversial Intact Dilation and Extraction or IDX- IDX is also known as Partial Birth Abortion. In this method the cervix is diated by use of forceps to grasp and turn fetus in breech position. Then the fetus is withdrawn and only head of the fetus is left inside cervix. Then the head is collapsed by suction of brain matter from the skull. This is done through the small incision which is made at the base of the skull. IDX or Partial Birth Abortion is a banned abortion method under Partial Birth Abortion Ban law. This law was passed by Congress and came into effect when President George W Bush signed it in 2003. But this law does not provide any information in cases where abortion is necessary for woman’s health and is therefore examined by US Supreme Court for its legal validity.

7) Chemical Methods- Combination of drugs can effectively terminate or end pregnancy. Drugs such as mifepristone or methotrexate are used for abortion which is followed by prostaglandin. Prostaglandin comes in two types and its usage depends on the place where abortion is done. Gemeprost is used in Sweden, UK whereas in US misoprostol is used commonly for abortion.



Source by Abhishek Agarwal

Uggs Sheepskin Boots – Are the Worth It?

Many believe the Uggs boot to be the most comfortable on the market. It is crafted with sheepskin which is soft. It conforms to the shape of the foot and keeps it cool in hot weather and warm in the freezing cold. The functionality and craftsmanship of the sheepskin along with its comfort makes it a popular choice.

You will adore these Uggs as you consider how they leapt from the fashion pages and into the mainstream. Why are they so popular? It’s because they are stylish and comfortable. Consumers overwhelmingly chose them for those reasons and not the hype.

If you are looking for a discounted pair of Uggs boots or a special deal on Ebay, you may find something that will fit your budget. But, you will not find discounted merchandise at retail and cyber shoe stores.

They were popular with Australian swimmers and surfers in the 1960’s then migrating to California for the shakedown fashion cruise. Needless to say, they became a sensation.

Warm Ugg sheepskin slippers are available in short and taller styles in colors ranging from neutral colors, tans, browns and as flat heels that can be worn as a slipper or street moccasin. They offer absolute comfort in summer as well as winter. The great part is that they are virtually odor free.

The shoes were so practical and comfortable that word spread on the street about the footwear’s attributes. Sheepskin is much more comfortable than cowhide and odors tend not to develop because the shoe breathes well.

The sheepskin fleece allows for air circulation that in the summer doesn’t heat up your feet and in winter provides insulation against the cold. It’s a comfortable boot for all seasons. That applies to their slippers as well. The Ugg tanned outer surface with wool inner lining are designed to wear without socks. Ugg Australia is the comfort shoe of choice.

Did you ever wonder how the word Ugg came about? The common interpretation was ”ugly boot”. The Australian sheep shearers who first crafted the boot thought they were ugly. Well, the name stuck even though the newly-designed version is attractive and a far cry from the frontier beginnings. They are cozy and functional.

Today there is a wider number of designs to choose from for men and women’s Ugg boots. There is the classic Ugg boot and newer designs in a variety of colors and materials. Women’s crochet designs got the nod from Oprah Winfrey “Favorite Things” segment with their knitted upper part and come with a sheepskin sock liner. Uggs are available in various lengths and colors. Other Ugg boot designs have incorporated design features that sport a slimmed down upper part along with some styles including a laced look.



Source by Mark Bates

Lovers Dance

Here I sit in silent wonder searching beyond the veil of consciousness driven by Divine discontent. Yes, only in the peace of stillness can the source of all knowledge, love and wisdom be found in the collective unconscious or universal mind. The sweetest music in the universe is when lovers dance to the tune of the one vibration. However so many in this period of history, fail to learn how to dance correctly in order to create the most beautiful inspirational harmony. This leads us to the realization, that the main purpose of relationship is spiritual growth. Correct relationship with another is only possible when first you have attained this within yourself.

The world reflects back to you, your own energy state. Therefore in the beginning of your conscious journey in life you need to become aware of your own unique energy state or frequency. The easiest way to work this out is to look at what is reflected back from a partner with what you can exchange energy with love and caring. Unfortunately it is not possible to learn very much from someone for what you care very little about.

So now this leads us into a good story because I like you enjoy a good story. The greatest joy in this world is a person who feels that he has been truly, completely and totally divinely blessed. However Daniel did not feel this way as he sat on the beach early one fine morning watching the sun rise. The sun rose from out of the East pushing back the darkness. This is the beginning of another day completing another cycle of rebirth.

Daniel sat there watching the sun's rays first stream out from the horizon over the ocean; followed by the illumination of the tops of the clouds and then the tops of the trees on the headland. It is at first a heel glow before being transformed into a golden ball of light. How the evolution of the soul so closely mirrors this simple awakening each morning.

At first the soul is so clouded down by the outflowing controls of the ego that only a dim light can be seen. However in the fullness of time as the ego is so worn down through pain and suffering experience it ever gives up or surrenders to the higher power within. So now we can see only the golden glow of the beautiful uplifting all inspiring soul light a burning fire.

Yes, in stillness Daniel sat there quietly pondering on the cyclic nature of life. Contemplating upon another failed relationship wondering what he had learned out of it all? This man is a little bitter may we say because he is now the veteran survivor of a couple of failed relationships. He is a little scarred and battle weary from his experiences. However in failure you have the seeds of success. So as he was always the eternal optimist; his interest was soon ignited when one fine day he sees a pretty young thing oops I mean young woman move across his field of vision. Attraction is the soul's joke on the personality.

The woman of his attraction was Rose an aspiring high priestess we may say. Although she understands the theory of the ancient wisdom she has yet the skill to live this correctly in practice. Even though she is a few years younger in physical age, her spiritual maturity was a finer lighter frequency by comparison. As their eyes met them both felt the shudder of instant magnetic attraction as their auras complimented each other lifting their composite energy even higher.

The higher frequency person is the teacher or guide while the lower frequency person is the student. We are all guides or students depending on who we are talking to on the path of life. Because Rose could see a little further than her partner she could see the limitations. However she chooses to commit herself as an act of service. In addition due to a very deep inner insecure, she felt drawn back into relationship to fulfill the soul driven urge to find completion. Every person who understands and lives personal responsibility correctly is also a priest. This is why we say that she is an aspiring high priestess because she is working towards this goal.

From that very first moment they pursued a path of courtship finding that place where all lovers ever go, the consummation of their love by becoming lovers. The big commitment was then made to love each other forever and always. This couple had a lot going for them in many respects. In particular they had an understanding of energy conservation. In addition the ability to raise energy from the lower to the higher chakra's or energy center's in the …

A Metaphor for Refractive Errors

Almost anything the most beautiful possible can be perceived only through the eyes. The eyes have long been considered as an essential organ for all sighted individuals. The eye is in fact a very complex organ that consist of various delicate parts. Each of these parts describes careful protection. Putting aside its complexity, the eye can be considered as a circle. It is easy to understand that the image of the circle will fall at the opposite side on the margin of the circle if a person shines a candle light in front of the circle. However, people with refractive errors have irregular eye balls. Taking the same example, the image of the candle light falls either in front or far behind the circle because of the irregular shape of the circle itself. This metaphor simply explains the principle of refractive errors. The reason is that those pamphlets are always hard to understand.

Once told to wear a pair of corrective eye glasses, either a child or an adult will probably get agitated or annoyed. However, it is often inevitable while the doctor believes that the glasses are the best solution. Refractive errors including nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism are the exact reasons for the need to use prescription glasses. It is impossible to shrink the eye by making a hole. Nor it is possible to make it enlarge by blowing air into it. Eyeglasses with appropriate powers are now widely used to make the eyes focus properly. Applying these lenses to the same metaphor, they are actually located in between the candle light and the circle. By adding such a lens, the image will fall exactly on the circle. Prescription lenses come with either minus or plus powers, corresponding to farsightedness or nearsightedness respectively. Just get relaxed when you are told to use eyeglasses.



Source by Cliff Krause

Wind Power – The Ideal Power Source

Wind power: Nature and Origin

The solar radiations give birth to wind. These radiations heat up the surface of the planet earth, although in unequal proportions. This uneven heating follows as a direct result of the abrasive earth surface, rotational planetary movements as well as the continuously altering propensities of heat absorption of the different levels of the earth's atmosphere. The seas, oceans and vegetation types on earth play are important roles in this regard as well. As a result, some parts of the planet experience consistantly higher temperatures than certain other parts, all round the year.

For example, the poles of earth remain covered by snow and are always way colder than the warm equatorial regions. As a result of this phenomenon, air in the warmer parts grows lighter and less dense, and as such, begins moving in the upward direction. This creates a sort of vacuum in their place, which gets occupied rather quickly from the colder, denser, heavier air from nearby locations. Wind is defined as this movement process of air, and a form of kinetic energy is released from it. Modern technologies are made use of to acquire wind energy from this kinetic energy. The procedure of tapping and using wind energy to produce such outputs that can be used multiple number of times (like, electricity) is termed wind power.

Global usability of wind power

Wind is correctly described as the circulatory system of the entire earth. When sun rays reach the earth, the later gets heated up in an unequal fashion, due to rotational movements, uneven nature of earth's terrain, properties of the water bodies that differ from the vegetation-covered parts. The atmospheric levels of earth also vary in ability to absorb heat in its various layers. As a result of this unequal heating of the earth's surface, temperature differences remain between the earth's equator and the polar regions.

Air from the warmer parts of earth starts moving upwards. The void that created soon gets filled up by heavier air from the local cooler realms. Here, a redistribution of heat levels from the colder parts of the earth to the reliably warmer parts occurs. This process generates a form of energy. The latter can be used to produce electricity and / or mechanical energy (as the requirement might be). In fact, electricity produced from wind power resources make up approximately one per cent of the total worldwide supply of power forms.

There is a reasonable scope of more in-depth studies in topics surrounding wind power topics. However, usage of wind power has already become very popular all over the world. Germany, Denmark and America are the top three countries in terms of wind production. The recent past has indeed seen a spurt in the global usage of wind power.

The manner of working of wind power

Modern methods are used to tap and harness wind power, so that the latter can be converted into mechanical energy and electricity. The devices that generate mechanical energy from wind power resources are called wind mills. Wind turbines are the wind energy systems that convert wind power into electrical power. For realizing how wind power is exactly used, let us now look at the nature of the wind turbines. An average wind turbine has about two or three propeller blades, which are attached to a rotor.

A movable main shaft is used, to which the rotor, with its blades are fixed. The shaft is then attached to an electronic generator. When the latter starts to spin, electricity is produced. The blades of a wind turbine answer those in an airplane. Also, the most modern technologies, and the latest designs are used to manufacture of these turbines. Here, the latter can transform wind's kinetic energy to electric power. In keeping with the various uses that the wind turbines can be put to, they come with variable levels of power rating.

For example, a domestic home needs electricity that can be provided by a low powered turbine. However, for broad-based provincial an / or national application purposes, more electricity is required, and hence turbines with higher power ratings are needed. The power rating that any turbine has depends crucially on the speed with which wind moves across any particular region. This is in accordance with the law that, the amount of wind energy generated goes up with the velocity of the wind (raised to the power of 3). This immediately implies that, higher wind velocities would help in the production of more wind energy.

The effectiveness of wind power

Wind power systems use wind resources as their fuel. Now, wind is a free source of fuel that can be renewed as many times as wished for. As long as sun beats down on earth, no chances of exhaustion of wind stock …

LED Retrofit Kits And Their Benefits

Lighting cost is an area many people concentrate on especially when building. Everyone yearns for cheaper, more user friendly and environmentally friendly lighting options. Facility managers and even homeowners who are conscious about costs want modern solutions that still serve their purpose efficiently. LED retrofit kit make a very popular lighting solution for all. This is because the kit is long lasting, efficient and calls for minimal maintenance. The retrofit kits are popular options for both commercial and residential settings because of the following benefits.

1. The kits are energy efficient

Compared to conventional lighting systems such as incandescent bulbs, LED retrofit kits consume lee power with a huge percentage of high light output. The retrofits are therefore not only energy efficient, but also more economic. They make amazing choices for offices and showrooms among many other settings.

2. They are versatile

The LED retrofit kits can be used in a wide range of applications. They come in handy in offices, commercial buildings, garages and even homes. The kits are designed to fit almost any given place with illumination needs.

3. The kits are long lasting

The LED lights do not easily burn out compared to bulbs and fluorescent, they last thousands of hours thereby becoming an inexpensive lighting solution. The need to keep changing them every once in a while is eliminated.

4. The retrofit kits have exceptional dimming capacity

They offer maximum brightness immediately as compared to other lighting systems. In addition, you can easily regulate the brightness according to your demands and what you find most appropriate for the given setting. It means, therefore that you can still enjoy even lower energy use by dimming to the right levels.

5. They are free from UV rays and infrared

LED retrofit lights do not have ultra violet rays as compared to infrared rays and fluorescent tubes. They are free from UV transmission, thereby making the kits suitable for environments that are sensitive, such as museums, art galleries and archaeological sites.

6. They come with less maintenance needs

LED retrofit kit offer flawless lighting for years and there is no need for regular replacement. The kits are functional and do not require much maintenance to keep them functional as they are designed to do.

7. The kits do not flicker or make humming sounds

For this reason, the retrofit kits keep the lit area peaceful and quiet compared to conventional lights that keep flickering and make noise causing eyestrain and headaches because of these characteristics. An LED retrofit kits saves you from these annoying effects. When used in industries, the kits have shown to have positive effects on performance, wakefulness and mood.

LED retrofit kits come in different sizes and designs in that you can choose an option that suits your settings and lighting needs best. It is best that you get your kits from reputable suppliers for quality purposes to enjoy all the benefits they have to offer. There is so much to enjoy the energy efficiency.



Source by Jovia D'Souza

Sunglasses and Beach Volleyball

Your volleyball game can be easily derailed if you don’t have the right sunglasses. Anyone who has ever gone to the beach knows that the sand and the surf can make the sun really intense. With all that reflected glare, sunglasses are a necessity for anyone at the beach. And beach volleyball players are no exception.

To play volleyball at the beach you have to follow the path of a white ball in front of a white hot sun. And if you look down then you have to look for a white ball on white sand background. The glare of the sun reflected off of the sand can be particularly vicious for beach volleyball players. They also need eye protection when diving into the sand to get a dig and getting sand in their eyes.

The successful beach volleyball player knows that it’s a small investment in a quality pair of volleyball sunglasses that can make the difference between playing good and playing awesome. Even the occasional or recreational player can benefit from high-quality polarized sunglasses. The difference can really be quite stunning. You will be amazed at how much more in control you can be when you can easily see the trajectory of the ball without squinting. And how quickly you can react to the movements of the ball when you can actually see it without guessing where it might be going.

Beach volleyball sunglasses are not just for the upper-echelon players who want to advance to the next level. Sunglasses will, without any doubt, make the game more enjoyable for anyone who wears them. It’s simple: stop you from squinting will release the tension pressure in your facial and jaw muscles which in turn will help you avoid the headaches that come from staring too long at objects in the brightness of the sun.

By wearing polarized sunglasses you can further enhance your volleyball viewing while protecting your eyes from the harmful effects of the sun from both UV light and reflected light. When purchasing a pair of volleyball sunglasses always be certain that they have a UV coating and are sufficiently dark. Wrap-around style glasses are also good at stopping unwanted reflected light from entering your field of view from the sides. The lenses need to be large enough to cover your entire eye. Then it all comes down to your personal style and preference. Be certain that the sunglasses fit snug and securely to your face without being to tight. You want the glasses to help but not be a distraction to your play. If the lenses are close to your eyes, almost like goggles, you can also get the added benefit of preventing sand from getting in your eyes when you dive for the ball.



Source by Steve Wolfson

Why Do We Box?

Why do I box? I struggled to figure this out for years. Mainly because I wanted to put it to myself in a way that would sound cool to everyone else. I wanted a bullshit marketing spin that I could buy into and sell to the entire world. I ran from the truth because I wanted to believe that boxing was for everyone, that everyone could benefit from this beast of an activity. It took me a long time to get real with myself, and the truth hit me one day when I read something out of the Autobiography of Malcolm X. My favorite book of all time, btw.

In that book, Malcolm X takes a visit to Mecca, during that visit he meets a man who spits some logic on him that blows his mind, it goes like this, "You have never really believed in something, until you want it for your brother as much as you want it for yourself. " Bamn! there it is … let it sink in.

Honestly, I do not want boxing for everyone, I do not want it for my mother, my friends, the kid who plays piano 3 hours a day, and I certainly do not want it for the MBA student who does everything his parents ever told him to. In fact, I do not care who boxes and who does not, and that's because there are defect issues at stake. Namely, fear and self-worth, this is what's at stake, this is what I care about and so should you.

What is boxing? It is a medium for expressing yourself, it's a tool and a set of techniques for relating to another human being, and that's some classic Bruce Lee philosophy. It's one medium among many to overcome fear, to gain confidence, to prove what you are capable of, and to establish your self-worth. Boxing is a sport, it's also a form of combat, and in it lies the basic components of conflict that anyone trying to excel at something faces: 1) mastery over yourself, 2) mastery over your environment, 3) mastery over others.

This is what the CEO is doing, it's what the b-boy is doing, it's what the gold-digger is doing, it's what the painter is doing, and it's what you are doing every time you step in the ring. In boxing there are no liars, the truth finds you quickly, it's a high risk and high reward program for discovering what kind of man you really are. High reward because once you have put in the work, put in the time, earned the skills and conditioned your body to the best it can be, you know that you can walk down the street everyday for a week and not pass anyone who can do what you do. Boxing is also high risk, you face your fear when you fight, and at the same time there is still a lot of fear, it's not fear of pain, but fear of losing what you've gained, fear of losing your confidence and your status. Fear of being the nobody you were before you boxed. That's why you better learn to love yourself somewhere along the way, because this boxing shit is not gonna last forever.

The boxer always has a tough dilemma, we are always one punch away from being knocked down, and I mean way down, if you do not believe me just go ask Ricky Hatton. The boxer who takes calculated risks accounts props because we all have our time when that punch turns our fate. Props to Ricky Hatton, no matter what anyone has to say. Mike Tyson took his fate turning punches from Douglas, Holyfield and Lewis. Roy Jones took his from Tarver. Roberto Duran took his from Hearns, and Hearns took his from Barkley and Hagler. As fighters, active or not, we deserve recognition from ourselves for the risks taken to face our fears, to prove our self-worth, and to gain mastery.

So why do I box? Because the pain and discontent inside me would not have had it any other way.



Source by JT Van V

Sunglasses and Tips For Finding the Right Pair

Choosing the perfect pair of sunglasses is not as straightforward as it looks. Apart from the fact that there are literally hundreds of styles, colors and brands to make your choice from, you'll be looking for a pair that combines style with the ability to protect your eyes. Probably the best place to shop for sunglasses today is online, where the world is your oyster when it comes to the sheer number of sites you could purchase them from. Obviously the good old brick and mortar shops on the high street offer great ranges as well, but for pure choice, online is the way to go.

Virtually every brand of sunglasses is known to man can be purchased online. Online retailers offer well known brands such as Oakley, Ray Ban and Von Zipper, not so well known and even replica designs. Apart from selling sunglasses, some of these retailers also offer sunglass accessories such as protective cases, wiping cloths and cords, as well as related items such as ski goggles.

Without wanting to state the obvious, when purchasing sunglasses, a person has to make sure they buy a pair that suits them. Each individual has a different shaped face so sunglasses that may look good on one person, for example, may not look quite so good on someone else. Try and make sure you choose a pair that complements your facial shape, skin tone and hair color.

While on the topic of styles, think about frame colors as well. Frames come in a myriad of colors, from lights like yellow and orange to darks such as blacks and purples. Again, make sure you choose a frame color that is going to complement your complexion. The very fashion conscious will want to match sunglasses with different outfits they may own- if this is the case then you will need a few pairs of sunglasses in different frame colors. No mean task if we're talking designer sunglasses!

We must not forget that sunglasses were actually made to protect our eyes from harmful sun rays, not just as a fashion statement, so choosing a pair that offers ultra violet protection (100% protection is now the norm) is vitally important. UV rays have the ability to cause lasting or permanent damage to our eyes if we do not take precautionary measures while in the sun (or outside generally). A good pair of sunglasses that offers 100% UV protection may cost a little bit more but a little bit more is a small price to pay for the health and safety of our eyes!



Source by Anthony J. Carter

Just What Is UV Protection On Sunglasses And Why Is It Important

Sunglasses are great in more ways than one. They can compliment your appearance while preventing you to have to squint while outside on a sunny day. But sunglasses are not simply a fashion accessory to be taken lightly. They are actually of major importance for protecting our eyes from the sun's UV rays which can lead to diseases of the eye when exposed to them over time.

The ultraviolet radiation element in sunlight is divided into two basic areas – UVA and UVB. Sunglasses block both of these types of rays. What exactly is UVA and UVB you ask? Well, UVA represents the ultraviolet radiation that passes through the Earth's ozone layer, reaches our skin and can lead to premature aging. UVB are also ultraviolet rays, but are absorb, in great amount, by the ozone layer. Still, they are very harmful and can contribute to the cause of skin cancer and cataracts.

The lenses of a pair of sunglasses should be dark enough to reduce the glare of bright light, but not so dark that they distort colors in objects, and obviously not so dark that they inhibit your vision. The point is that as long as the lenses are properly tinted, your eyes will be protected. You do not have to go 'crazy' looking for lenses that are so dark that they not only block out the sun's UV rays, but block out the actual sun itself.

The standard UV protectant level in the sunglass industry is UV400 – across the board – which protects the eyes from 98 per cent of the sun's ultraviolet rays. And statistics based on testing results from inexpensive sunglasses as compared to the more expensive brands show that even sunglasses in the $ 5 and below range, provide the same amount of protection as the more expensive variants. So, the good news is, you do not have to pay more for the best level of protection. And for those who wear prescription sunglasses, something else you might be interested in knowing is that the UV level is the same for both those and the store bought versions.

And for even further comfort and assurance, you may be happy to know that sunglass manufacturers have to follow certain FDA regulations. They have to comply with impact requirements – not saying that sunglasses must be completely shatterproof, but that they will at best, withstand a moderate impact. Sunglass manufacturers also have to follow labeling regulations. No doubt if you've ever bought a pair of sunglasses in your lifetime, you've had to peel that removable sticker off the front of one of the lenses either before you put them on or afterwards when you realize that something's obstructing your view.

They say you get what you pay for. Well, if you pay for a pair of sunglasses, you're paying for good eye health.



Source by Gray Rollins

Protect Your Eyes and Look Fashionable With Cool Sunglasses

In recent years, there has been a significant rise in the consciousness of the public about the dangers of skin cancer and the importance of keeping your skin protected from the harmful rays of the sun. However, not many people realize that our eyes are also similar to similar dangers and that they also require some kind of protection against excess exposure to sunlight. The good thing about this is that there are hundreds of sunglasses that you can choose from to keep your eyes protected, without sacrificing style. In fact, most sunglasses are very stylish and can be very instrumental in enhancing your overall look.

People have been using sunglasses to protect the eyes for many decades now. Even before the first pair of sunglasses was created, it has been discovered that ancient people had already used some kind of eyewear many centuries ago. These early versions of the sunglasses were found in the Arctic remains of the Inuit people who had used eyewear made of wood and bone with tiny slits. These were supposedly used to prevent their eyes from being damaged by snow blindness. Interestingly, a similar kind of contraption is mentioned in the novels of Jean Auel, which works are based largely on actual scientific research. This only goes to show that it is really very likely that the use of eyewear has actually started earlier than we had initially thought.

The earliest predecessor of the current tinted sunglasses may be traced to the early Chinese civilizations during the medieval period. However, instead of providing protection against the sun, these glasses were used by judges during court trials in order to conceive their expressions from the other individuals in the courtroom. The concept of using tinted shades to actually provide eye protection was first materialized when James Ayscough, an apprentice to an optician, created the first pair for his own personal use. He had the idea that excessively bright light actually harms the vision. Fortunately for him, his idea caught on and eyeglass manufacturers began making tinted sunglasses on a regular basis.

All of this happened many centuries ago but it was only during the 1930s that the general public started to regard sunglasses as a real fashion accessory and not just a means to protect the eyes. The first sunglass company in the United States was established in New Jersey and from that point, there was nowhere to go but up.

During the years of the war, the government mandated Bausch & Lomb to produce several sunglasses for the Air Force so that the pilots will be protected against the constant glare in the sky. It was also around this time that Ray Ban first came up with their signature aviator style sunglasses known for their polarized lens and stylish design. Today, the war has long been over but Ray Ban shades live on and continue to be one of the best selling sunglasses not only in the United States but all over the world.

Considering its humble beginnings, no one would have predicted that sunglasses would be enjoying the immense success that it has today. Sunglasses are now worn by all sorts of people, regardless of the age, gender, occupation or cultural background. The price varies greatly, with the cheapest ones selling for less than 5 bucks, and the more high-end brands reaching up to hundreds or even thousands of dollars. However, expensive sunglasses do not always necessarily offer higher quality in terms of protection. While most of these branded shades do give you 100% UV protection, you can actually get the same kind of protection from cheaper glasses. It is true though, that the designs of branded sunglasses are very rarely equaled by those of less expensive versions. If you can afford to shell out hundreds of dollars on an Armani or Dior pair of sunglasses, go ahead as long as the pair you are interested in will give you the protection that you need.

Selecting the right design of sunglasses can also be quite tricky, especially if you have no idea of ​​how to look. There are certain types of frames that flatter different face shapes, and your optometrist will be able to give you some hints in this regard. You will also have to make your final decision based on the type of lens used. Most people today prefer plastic lenses as opposed to the heavier and more fragile glass. The material used for the frame is also something to think about. Metal and plastic are the most common options.

Sunglasses have been around for several years and to this day, there are no signs to indicate that it will soon be out of fashion. On the contrary, its extreme popularity only goes to show that it is here to stay …

Ultra Violet Rays – Business Women's Guide to Fashion

The Color Purple is a famous literary work, movie and Broadway play. Professional women are using this dynamic color to set the stage for a captivating and elegant entry in to the business arena. Fashion has rules and limits but modern professional women are finding ways to enhance their professional look, style and appeal to make the work place a more chic environment.

Listed below are ways that you can use this color to shine at any business or social event.

Purple Reign

The color purple is not just a jeweled toned shade that can match almost any skin tone and physical complexion. The color has great meaning that can build confidence and improve your overall appeal. Purple is a mixture of reds and blues which create a sense of mystic and royal qualities. It is often used by nobility and rich people as a symbol of wealth and extreme social status. This color also evokes spirituality and creativity as well as calmness and balance.

Purple Power

Although we do not recommend wearing a purple suit to work. There are clever and fun ways to incorporate purple into your professional wardrobe for a stylish and fashionable appeal. Women can wear purple blouses and belts with their suits and business casual attire. Pins and hair pieces in purple are also acceptable for any work environment. Women should match basic suits in navy, black or gray with purple accessories. Purple accessories can include purple toned jewelry in earrings, necklaces and bracelets. Professionals women should limit their jewelry to five simple pieces. Purple handbags and shoes are also acceptable depending on company dress code and profession or industry guidelines.

Face Value

Women can also wear purple toned make-up to brighten their faces and look stunning. Soft subtle purple eye shadows and lip balms or lip glosses can highlight the face and make any woman sparkle in the business arena. Women should always be cautious of how they apply their make-up and present themselves in formal business settings. The goal is to look professional and not as though you are going to an over the top party or a Hollywood photo shoot.



Source by Chi Chi Okezie

What Does Hypoallergenic Skin Care Really Mean?

Have you read about this recently? Most common skin care products contain harmful ingredients that can cause allergies, irritation and many other problems. This is the reason hypoallergenic skincare has become popular now.

But what does this hypoallergenic skincare really mean? Hypoallergenic substances are those which do not cause any allergies and can be used safely.

Most creams that you find in the market contain some harsh chemicals like Parabens, Fragrances and Mineral Oil. All these chemicals are bad for the skin in the long run and can cause some serious health problems.

Parabens, which are used to increase the shelf life of the products, have been known to cause cancer in the long run in some cases. In fact, the use of Parabens has been banned in the European Union for cosmetic purposes.

Fragrances are chemicals too and are responsible for most of the allergies and irritation that skin care products cause.

Mineral oil is a byproduct of gasoline distillation. It slowly depletes the natural moisture of our skin and makes it dry and rough.

Parabens-free skincare is a part of hypoallergenic skincare. If you avoid parabens, fragrances and other dangerous chemicals in your creams, your battle of skin care is half won.

The rest is just identifying effective natural substances that can rejuvenate your skin and protect it from damage.

You can trust natural substances like Phytessence Wakame. This sea kelp has been their secret for beautiful skin for Japanese women, since centuries. It nourishes the skin with a host of vitamins and minerals that keep the skin healthy. It also protects the skin from the damage caused by the UV rays of the sun which results in age spots. This is an important ingredient in hypoallergenic skincare.

Cynergy TK(TM) is an extract derived from the wool of New Zealand sheep. It has been shown to significantly enhance the production of Collagen and Elastin in the skin. This helps in keeping the skin free from lines and wrinkles. It also contains Functional Keratin(TM). Keratin is a protein found throughout our body. It helps in the generation of new skin cells to replace the damaged ones and keeps the skin healthy.

Babassu is a light natural wax derived from the Babassu palm found in Brazil. It gently moisturizes the skin and keeps it supple. It is also helpful in soothing inflamed and dry skin.

Make no mistake about it. The right kind of hypoallergenic skincare can give you a fresh, beautiful skin without any side effects.



Source by Frank Langella

Sore Throat

Pharyngitis is the term doctors use to describe sore throat and it accounts for 10-15 percent of all pediatric office visits. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis (GABHS), more commonly known as strep throat, is a primary concern of a person with a sore throat. GABHS is more common in children than adults. In both kids and adults viruses are the most common cause of sore throat.

The most important concern in the person with a sore throat is to rule out some serious conditions associated with sore throat, including, most commonly GABHS. Certain factors will help predict if the cause of the sore throat is GABHS or a viral infection. The factors are not perfect and the use of a throat culture is needed in many cases in order to rule out strep throat.

Important factors to know about strep include:

• It most commonly affects children between 5-15 years old.
• It does not commonly affect children under three years old.
• It has an incubation period of 2-5 days. This means that if you have been in contact with someone who is infected and are infected your disease may not show up for 2-5 days.
• Respiratory secretions spread the infection.

Causes of sore throat

Viruses cause the majority of sore throats. Bacteria cause 5-15% of sore throats, but those between the ages of 5-15 have a higher incidence of bacterial causes of sore throat. In this group, 15-30 percent of sore throats may be caused by GABHS.

Certain factors can help determine if the sore throat is caused by a bacteria or a virus. Viruses that cause sore throat are more commonly accompanied by cough, stuffy nose, red eyes and fatigue.

Possible diagnoses

• Viral sore throat – there are over 200 viruses that cause the common cold and each presentation may be a little different. Many of these viruses are linked to sore throat. Below some specific viruses that cause sore throat will be discussed.
• Hand-foot and mouth disease. This is caused by a virus that is called the Cocsackie virus. It causes blisters on the hands and feet as well as in the mouth or throat.
• Infectious mononucleosis can also cause sore throat. This sore throat is typically severe and associated with pus (white patches) in the throat. This disease is associated with swollen lymph nodes – particularly the glands on the back of the neck. It sometimes comes with stomach pain due to an enlarged liver or spleen. Those who are treated with penicillin will usually develop a rash (90% of the time). It is most common in those who are 10-25 years old and is accompanied by fatigue and a lingering sore throat.
• HIV is a rare cause of sore throat. Individuals who have risk factors for HIV (multiple sexual partners, men who have sex with men, intravenous drug users) who present with a sore throat should have this diagnosis considered.
• Bacterial sore throat. The most common cause of bacterial sore throat is GABHS. Other bacteria can sometimes cause sore throat.
• Fungal infections rarely cause sore throats. Candida infections are a common cause of fungal sore throat. The individual will have a sore throat with a white coat on the tongue and in the oral cavity that looks like cottage cheese. The white coating will bleed if it is scraped off.
• Diphtheria is a rare cause of sore throat. It presents with a sore throat, fever, tender lymph nodes in the front on the neck and serosanguineous nasal discharge. It can be prevented by routine vaccinations.
• Kawasaki disease rarely occurs but affects children under five and presents with sore throat, tender lymph nodes, fever, eye discharge, red oral mucosa, strawberry tongue, cracked red lips, swelling of the hands and feet and red rash on the hands and feet, followed by peeling of the palms.
• Peritonsillar abscess is a serious cause of sore throat and presents with fever, feeling wiped out, a hot potato voice, difficulty swallowing, painful swallowing, ear pain and difficulty opening the mouth.
• Miscellaneous causes of sore throat include: persistent cough, smoking, gastroesophageal reflux, postnasal drip secondary to runny nose, allergies, foreign body and thyroiditis (inflamed thyroid gland).

Complications

Most sore throats are caused by a virus and go away on their own. It is important that all health care consumers are aware of when sore throats can be serious and when they are likely self-limiting.

Death is a risk of life, but it is rarely related to sore throat. Throat abscess (pus filled infection in the throat) may lead to breathing problems as the swelling in the throat reduces the ability to breath. Diphtheria can lead to respiratory failure. Untreated GABHS can affect the heart valves and has the potential to …

Types of Picture Frames

Welcome back! In this article, we will be talking about the different types of frames. There are four main types of frames.

1. Wood Frames

2. Meta Frames

3. Plastic Frames

4. Glass Frames

Wood

Wood picture frames are by far the most common. There's a good chance that all the picture frames in your house are made out of wood. There are three sub-categories in the wood category .. They are: wood veneer, solid wood, and composite.

Solid wood is pretty self-explanitory. It's 100% wood. Picture frames you see in stores are rarely made out of solid wood. Usually, they are made from composite wood (see below). The reason for this is that Solid Wood is expensive, and if you can get the same shape from using a cheaper process, why not do it? The cheapest of the three is composite wood. Composite wood is made from many compressed wood pieces which are glued together. The majesty of decorated frames you see are made from compressed wood. Also, it is the most common of the three types of wooden picture frames. When you think you're getting a real "wood" frame, you usually are just getting a composite one.Wood Veneer attempts to give a wooden frame a "real wood look" without using solid wood. This is done by gluing a small, high quality piece of wood onto the top of a composite frame. These are a bit more expensive then the composite frames, look very similar to solid wood frames.

Wood frames are usually a good choice when it comes to framing your pictures, but they do have a couple problems. Many people complain that when they get a wood frame, it often has knots or other imperfections in it. This is not a flaw in the particular frame, it's how wood naturally is. If you want a perfect frame with no wood like characteristics, you would be better off with a plastic imitation or a nice wood veneer frame.Many wooden frames come unfinished. Unfinished wooden frames can be damaged easily. Glue, water, or any other liquid substance can ruin an unfinished wooden frame. When dealing with unfinished wood frames, be very careful. If you can, try and put a stain on it or finish it yourself.

Plastic

Plastic frames are a good option if you are looking for a decent looking frame that lasts a long time. Plastic frames come in different types. Glossy, colored, and imitation-wood are three common types of plastic picture frames. Any of these will work, depending on what you're looking for. If you want a modern look, go with colored. They look good, and can really accent the color of a room. Imitation wood is great if you want a nice wood look with no imperfections, but if you get close up, it's easy to tell that it is plastic and not wood. Finally, glossy is made to shine in light. It often looks great, but fingerprints are extremely easy to see. If you're looking for a shiny frame, I would recommend a glass picture frame.

Metal

Metal is nearly the same as plastic, only sturdier. Many people use metal frames to give a slight "grunge" look to a picture. They also can look almost like plastic, but they're much more solid. If you have a problem with picture frames breaking, I'd recommend metal frames.

Glass

If you've read this blog at all, you'll know that glass frames are my personal favorite. They shine like metal and glossy plastic, but they look MUCH better. If you want to read some other benefits, check out my post on glass picture frames .

Closing Thoughts

This was just a quick run down on the types of picture frames. I hope it answered some questions for you! Thanks for reading. 🙂



Source by Michael S Collins

What Might Jesus Say on the Same-Sex Marriage Survey Result?

WITH around eighty percent of eligible Australians having taken part in the SSM postal survey, it’s clear that most consider it an important issue. So significant, in fact, that it almost appears that the bell curve of views is inverted – everyone believes passionately at either side, fewer remaining middle of the road than ever. It can make for social war.

The result, therefore, polarised many of us. Many were elated and many, though fewer in number, were exasperated. Both the elated and the exasperated have the opportunity to conform back to the thinking of Christ.

Jesus challenged almost everyone he ever engaged with. Some were challenged for their encouragement. Others were rebuked, given cause for reflection. Others again received God’s wrath for the audacity they showed in abusing the powerless (i.e. chief priests and scribes). Few people are well at ease with the historical Jesus, except the powerless or those for whom life had crushed, who were also humbly ready to be nearer to God.

God does not change. Jesus does not change. He is the same yesterday, today, forever (Hebrews 13:8). His nature is how the Holy Spirit works. We stray off-line a tenth of a degree and the still, small, silent voice of the Lord counsels us back to the true and ancient path (Jeremiah 6:16).

I’m not entirely sure what Jesus would say. I’m not sure others can identify with precision what the Lord would say either. But I’m sure he would have many things to say – all truth-filled, balanced, wise, and challenges for us all to mull over. As we read the gospels, he was actually amazingly unpredictable in what he said, when he said it, and to whom he said what he said. Sure, we can say what he said makes so much sense, but wisdom is always logical from hindsight.

Simply posing this question helps us Christians check ourselves, before we respond – in the tradition of Psalm 139:23-24. In such a case, we might be counselled by the Holy Spirit to do what is always blessed and resist what is only occasionally blessed and at other times harmful.

Acting justly, being kind, and walking humbly –

these are always right.

***

It is good to ask unanswerable questions. They get us to stop and reflect into the mystery of life, which is God. And where we arrive at isn’t a set viewpoint, but acceptance for what is. That is God’s blessing for us, today and every day. It is great to know that we don’t know.

A safe position we as individuals can arrive at on complex matters like SSM is:

· acknowledge it’s complex, and that none of us owns every corner of truth on this issue or any other issue;

· understand our role is to act justly, be kind to others, and walk humbly with God (Micah 6:8), which means:

o we bear one another, our differences and inclinations, in mind, with respect;

o we watch what we do or say to avoid hurt and augment healing;

o acknowledge our opinions are just that – filtered through our limited way of seeing things;

o and, by doing these things, we hope to glorify God, which is our chief aim.

It’s good to avoid certain subjects socially so we can simply focus on being present with people. And if we really need to process the issues, it’s good to go to someone who will lead us to relief; someone who will listen, validate what we feel, but not fuel the fire.

We do not have to have something to say on every issue.

When everyone is respected, no matter their opinion or the strength of their view, everyone is loved.



Source by Steve Wickham

Modern Aircraft – The Embraer E-170

The Embraer aircraft corporation of Sao Paola, Brazil has made a name for itself in recent years by designing and manufacturing regional jets. The first of these jets, the Embraer 145 made its first flight in 1995. The ERJ-145 is a 50 passenger jet powered by two rear mounted Rolls Royce turbo fan engines. It has a wing sweep of approximately 22 degrees and has a T-tail configuration.

The operational success of the ERJ-145 and its similar competitors such as the Canadair Regional Jet and the airlines’ desires for a larger model brought about the “E” series of jets from Embraer.

The Embraer 170 is the base model “E” jet. It’s a narrow body airliner powered by two General Electric CF-34 turbofan engines. Each engine is FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) equipped. The first flight of the Embraer 170 took place in March 2004 and the aircraft passed FAA certification in September of 2005.

The EMB -170 features a fully digital flight deck. The Honeywell Primus Flight Information Display provides pilots with increased situational awareness, increased information retrieval and better flexibility. The system consists of a total of 5 cathode ray screens and allows pilots to present flight, aircraft performance, terrain, weather and air traffic on the various displays.

The EMB- 170 cockpit is roomy which is a departure from the E-145. The base aircraft configuration holds 70 passengers in a 2+2 configuration with lavatories forward and aft.

The EMB-170 is operated with a crew of four. Two pilots and two flight attendants. It has a range of 2100 miles and a maximum speed of 481kt (mach .86). It’s maximum service ceiling is 41,000 ft.

Currently Republic Airlines, Shuttle America Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Egypt Air, Air Canada and Compass Air operate the EMB 170.



Source by Kevin Crockett